Vent Fields

Welcome to the InterRidge Global Database of Active Submarine Hydrothermal Vent Fields (the “InterRidge Vents Database”).
To sort the list of Vent Fields, click on a column header.
To view details for a specific Vent Field, click on the Name ID.
To view the subset of Vent Fields that contain a specific category, click on the category (for example, "active, confirmed" in the "Activity" column).

Vent Field Name ID Activitysort descending Tectonic Setting Region Latitude Longitude Maximum or Single Reported Depth Year and How Discovered
Atlantis II Deep active, inferred mid-ocean ridge Red Sea 21.3417 38.0750 2200 1965 "confirmed" hot brine and cored seafloor, but see Table 1 in Miller et al. (1966) for historical measurements
Myojinsho Caldera active, inferred arc volcano Izu-Bonin Arc 31.8833 139.9500 1110 1988 deposits only; 2005 plume only
Aden New Century Mountains active, inferred mid-ocean ridge Aden Ridge 12.0833 45.6667 800 2000-2001 plume only
Tonga Arc, Volcano 16 active, inferred arc volcano Tonga Arc -24.1883 -176.8217 1400 2003 plume and dredge only
Tevnia active, inferred mid-ocean ridge N EPR 10.3333 -103.5533 2925 1994 submersible Alvin did not confirm activity
GEISEIR site 37, segment O4 active, inferred mid-ocean ridge SEIR -47.7483 98.1756 2800 2009 plume only
EPR, 16 24'S active, inferred mid-ocean ridge S EPR -16.4000 -113.0500 2640 1993 plume only
Knipovich Ridge, 76 48'N active, inferred mid-ocean ridge Knipovich Ridge 76.7833 8.0000 3500 1996 temperature anomaly and towed video did not confirm activity
EPR/Tamayo intersection active, inferred mid-ocean ridge N EPR 22.9333 -108.0667 3200 1979 submersible Alvin did not confirm activity
Boomerang Seamount active, inferred mid-ocean ridge SEIR -37.7217 77.8250 850 1996 plume and wax core only
VFR, plume 12 active, inferred back-arc spreading center Lau Basin -21.7300 -176.4530 1910 2004 plume only
Alarcon Rise/Tamayo intersection active, inferred mid-ocean ridge Gulf of California 23.2336 -108.6168 2358 2015 ROV Doc Ricketts did not confirm activity
Rumble II West active, inferred arc volcano Kermadec Arc -35.3600 178.5170 1500 1996 dredging only; 1999 plume only
MAR, 25 S active, inferred mid-ocean ridge S MAR -25.3350 -13.6305 2570 2013 plume only
Kuiwai active, inferred arc volcano Kermadec Arc -33.1560 -179.9560 630 2002 plume only
GEISEIR site 16, segment L3 active, inferred mid-ocean ridge SEIR -41.5883 87.2615 2500 2010 plume only
Bai Causeway active, inferred mid-ocean ridge SWIR -37.9000 48.8000 3000 2014 leg 2 or 3 of the 30th Chinese Cruise
EPR, 10 08'N active, inferred mid-ocean ridge N EPR 10.1300 -104.3300 2580 1983 towed camera and temperature measurements (no direct observations/sampling of hydrothermal fluid)
Chile Rise, Segment N8 active, inferred mid-ocean ridge Chile Rise -38.7167 -91.5667 3330 1998 plume only
Momoko active, inferred back-arc spreading center Lau Basin -22.6400 -176.7210 2180 1989 submersible Nautile
GEISEIR site 7, segment K3 active, inferred mid-ocean ridge SEIR -41.8020 81.8380 2540 1996 plume only; 2010 plume only
EPR, 28.3 S, Segment W3 active, inferred mid-ocean ridge S EPR -28.3000 -112.9830 2220 1998 plume only
Duanqiao active, inferred mid-ocean ridge SWIR -37.6579 50.4671 1780 2008 video and TV-grab DY115-20 Leg 5; 2015 TV-grab DY125-34
FRSC, 14b, 16.11 S active, inferred back-arc spreading center Lau Basin -16.1150 -174.5680 2250 2008 plume only
EPR, 21 54'S active, inferred mid-ocean ridge S EPR -21.9000 -114.5000 2800 1987-1988 deposits only [need to check Fouquet et al. (1993) for confirmation]
W Syoyo active, inferred arc volcano Mariana Arc 22.5080 142.5330 2150 2003 plume only
SWIR, D62 active, inferred mid-ocean ridge SWIR -52.2530 15.1030 3990 2000-2001 plume and dredge only
FRSC, South Central active, inferred back-arc spreading center Lau Basin -16.6667 -174.5167 1820 2004 plume only; 2006 plume and chimney samples; 2009 camera tow and sampling (activity not confirmed)
GEISEIR site 27, segment M5 active, inferred mid-ocean ridge SEIR -43.9805 93.4571 2700 2009 plume only
Makhahnas active, inferred arc volcano Mariana Arc 20.5300 144.8833 420 2003 no plume detected

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