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Rainbow Bay

Name Alias(es): 
MAR, 14 S
MGDS_FeatureID lowest in hierarchy: 
Vent Sites: 
Rainbow Bay North
Rainbow Bay South
Location on map: 
National Jurisdiction: 
Maximum or Single Reported Depth (mbsl): 
Minimum Depth (mbsl): 
Tectonic setting: 
Full Spreading Rate (mm/a): 
Volcano Number (if applicable): 
Host Rock: 
Deposit Type: 
Notes on Vent Field Description: 
Tao et al. (2010): "Evidence of sulfide video and hydrothermal anomalies indicated the existence of the 14°S hydrothermal field."; "The 14°S hydrothermal field is located on the [slope] of the volcano, which lies on the inside corner between the ridge axial and transform fault"; InterRidge e-news 2011: "Rainbow Bay North field was found at 14.36°W, 14.03°S at a depth of 1900m, which may extend to 480m×780m. Massive sulfides were collected by a ROV."; check Li et al. (2014) for confirmation; note sites may be renamed to Ruyu-1 and Caifan-1, off-axis segment S15 in Tao et al. (2017);
Year and How Discovered (if active, visual confirmation is listed first): 
2009 towed video did not confirm activity
Discovery References (text): 
Tao, C., et al. (2010) Two hydrothermal active vents were found at 13.2°S and 14°S of South Mid-Atlantic Ridge. AGU Fall Meeting abstract #OS33F-07;
Tao, C.H., Li, H.M., Yang Y.M., et al. (2011) Two hydrothermal fields found on the Southern Mid-Atlantic Ridge. Science China Earth Sciences, 54 (9): 1302-1303, DOI: 10.1007/s11430-011-4260-8;
Other References (text): 
[Li, B., Shi, X., et al. (2014), The Geological Setting of the 14.0°S Hydrothermal Field (Mid-Atlantic Ridge) and Its Comparation with Other Inside-corner Related Fields. Acta Geologica Sinica - English Edition, 88: 176. doi:10.1111/1755-6724.12369_16];
Tao, C., Chen, S., Baker, E.T., et al. (2017) Hydrothermal plume mapping as a prospecting tool for seafloor sulfide deposits: a case study at the Zouyu-1 and Zouyu-2 hydrothermal fields in the southern Mid-Atlantic Ridge. Mar Geophys Res 38: 3. doi:10.1007/s11001-016-9275-2;
Li, B. et al. (2018) Tectonic environments and local geologic controls of potential hydrothermal fields along the Southern Mid-Atlantic Ridge (12–14°S). Journal of Marine Systems 181: 1–13;