Vent Fields

Welcome to the InterRidge Global Database of Active Submarine Hydrothermal Vent Fields (the “InterRidge Vents Database”).
To sort the list of Vent Fields, click on a column header.
To view details for a specific Vent Field, click on the Name ID.
To view the subset of Vent Fields that contain a specific category, click on the category (for example, "active, confirmed" in the "Activity" column).

Vent Field Name ID Activity Tectonic Settingsort descending Region Latitude Longitude Maximum or Single Reported Depth Year and How Discovered
Milos active, confirmed arc volcano Hellenic Arc, Aegean Sea 36.6667 24.5167 200 1987 or earlier, likely by SCUBA; 1992 Minirover ROV deeper sites
Tonga Arc, Volcano 1 active, confirmed arc volcano Tonga Arc -21.1500 -175.7500 210 2005 with submersibles PISCES IV and PISCES V and ROV RCV-150; 2003 plume and dredge only
Kagamil Island active, confirmed arc volcano Aleutian Arc, western 52.9800 -169.7200 5 2007 SCUBA
Tonga Arc, Volcano 19 active, confirmed arc volcano Tonga Arc -24.8000 -177.0167 970 2005 with submersibles PISCES IV and PISCES V and ROV RCV-150; 2003 plume and dredge only
Putoto volcanic center active, inferred arc volcano Kermadec Arc -27.6800 -177.6100 700 2004 plume and dredging NZAPLUME III expedition
Shinkurose Bank inactive arc volcano Izu-Bonin Arc 33.5667 140.1667 200 1992 or earlier submersible Shinkai 2000
Niua North active, confirmed arc volcano Tonga Arc -15.0667 -173.5667 800 2012 ROV Quest 4000; 2008 plume only
Mata Fitu active, confirmed arc volcano Lau Basin -14.9166 -173.7833 2644 2010 towed camera
Ngatoroirangi active, inferred arc volcano Kermadec Arc -33.7310 179.8250 467 2002 plume only
Kos active, confirmed arc volcano Hellenic Arc, Aegean Sea 36.8500 27.2500 10 1983 or earlier, likely by SCUBA
Kibblewhite active, inferred arc volcano Kermadec Arc -34.5750 179.2550 1106 2002 plume only
Matupi Harbour, Rabaul caldera, New Britain Island active, confirmed arc volcano Bismarck Arc -4.2700 152.2000 30 1961 or earlier intertidal
Ahyi active, inferred arc volcano Mariana Arc 20.4200 145.0300 60 2003 plume only
Kagoshima Bay active, confirmed arc volcano Ryukyu Arc 31.6583 130.8000 200 1993 towed TV system (Haorimushi site); 2007 ROV Hyper-dolphin (Tagiri site)
Tonga Arc, Volcano 4 active, inferred arc volcano Tonga Arc -22.0670 -176.2080 200 2003 plume and dredge only
South Sarigan Seamount active, inferred arc volcano Mariana Arc 16.5800 145.7800 240 2013 ROV HyperDolphin (did not confirm activity)
Kick'em Jenny submarine volcano active, confirmed arc volcano Lesser Antilles Arc 12.2833 -61.6667 265 2003 ROV Eastern Oceanics; 1989 submersible Johnson-Sea-Link II (did not confirm activity); 2001 plume only
Omuro Hole active, confirmed arc volcano Izu-Bonin Arc 34.5467 139.4417 200 2012 ROV Hyper-Dolphin
Ruby active, confirmed arc volcano Mariana Arc 15.6200 145.5700 214 2006 ROV Jason II; 2003 plume only
Mata Ono active, inferred arc volcano Lau Basin -14.9333 -173.7916 2370 2010 plume only
Sangeang Island active, confirmed arc volcano Banda/Sunda Arc -8.1300 119.0900 2 1991 or earlier, from beach
Kos, south active, inferred arc volcano Hellenic Arc, Aegean Sea 36.6667 27.2500 450 1997 plume only
Minami-Hiyoshi submarine volcano active, confirmed arc volcano Mariana Arc 23.4970 141.9400 80 2005 ROV HyperDolphin
Maug Caldera active, confirmed arc volcano Mariana Arc 20.0200 145.2200 145 2003 SCUBA shallow vents; 2004 ROV ROPOS deeper vents; 2003 plume only deeper vents
VC7 active, inferred arc volcano Hellenic Arc, Aegean Sea 36.5608 25.5250 320 2010 ROV Hercules
Kaikata Seamount active, confirmed arc volcano Izu-Bonin Arc 26.7000 141.0833 930 1988 submersible Shinkai 2000; 1985 dredge only
Tonga Arc, Volcano 8 active, inferred arc volcano Tonga Arc -22.8433 -176.4317 240 2003 plume and dredge only
Banda Api active, confirmed arc volcano Banda/Sunda Arc -4.5250 129.8710 3 1993 SCUBA
Nagahama Bay, Iwo-dake Volcano active, confirmed arc volcano Ryukyu Arc 30.7500 130.3330 26 1994 or earlier intertidal; 2008 or earlier SCUBA subtidal
East Diamante volcano active, confirmed arc volcano Mariana Arc 15.9300 145.6700 457 2004 ROV ROPOS; 2003 plume only

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