Notes on Vent Field Description:
position approximate; Huber et al. (1991): "shallow submarine hot springs (depth 0 to 2 m; T = 75 to 96 C) at the beach of Sangeang Island, about 7 km to the north of Kelapa village"; http://www.starfish.ch/dive/Komodo.html#Sangeang, accessed 9 June 2015: "Black Forest (Hot rocks): This dive site on the north east of the island really makes you realize what it means to dive at an active volcano! There is an area with bubbles rising from warm black sand, the water at some places is really hot"
Notes Relevant to Biology:
Huber et al. (1991): hyperthermophilic archaeal and bacterial isolates
Year and How Discovered (if active, visual confirmation is listed first):
1991 or earlier, from beach
Discovery References (text):
Other References (text):
Huber, G., et al. (1991) Hyperthermophilic archaea and bacteria occurring within Indonesian hydrothermal areas. System. Appl. Microbiol., 14, 397-404.