Notes on Vent Field Description:
submarine volcano 7 km to NE of Santorini; presently categorized with Hellenic Arc, however, Nomikou et al. (2012) suggests this and another listing (VC7) are within the Cyclades back-arc region; http://oceanexplorer.noaa.gov/explorations/06blacksea/welcome.html; http://oceanexplorer.noaa.gov/explorations/06greece/background/geology/geology.html; 25000 m^2 area in NE part of crater floor with chimneys up to 4m high and temperatures up to 220 C (Carey and Sigurdsson 2007); Roman et al. (2012): good description of extent of vent field and bubble plumes.
Notes Relevant to Biology:
from http://www.santonet.gr/santorinivolcano/eruption_newevidence.htm: "The floor of the crater is covered in a layer of red and orange mats of bacteria 2 to 3 inches thick that live on the nutrients in the vent fluids. Bacteria also cover the vent chimneys, and 4- to 5-inch long, hair-like bacterial filaments extend from the chimneys ..."; tunicates
Year and How Discovered (if active, visual confirmation is listed first):
Discovery References (text):
Sigurdsson et al. (2006) High-Temperature Hydrothermal Vent Field of Kolumbo Submarine Volcano, Aegean Sea: Site of Active Kuroko-Type Mineralization. AGU Fall Meeting Abstract #OS34A-03
Sigurdsson et al. (2006) Marine Investigations of Greece’s Santorini Volcanic Field. Eos 87: 337, 342.
Other References (text):
Carey, S. and Sigurdsson, H. (2007) Exploring submarine arc volcanoes. Oceanography 20(4): 80-89.
Nomikou, P., et al. (2012) Submarine volcanoes of the Kolumbo volcanic zone NE of Santorini Caldera, Greece. Global and Planetary Change, 90, 135-151, doi:10.1016/j.gloplacha.2012.01.001.
Roman, C., et al. (2012) The development of high-resolution seafloor mapping techniques. Oceanography 25(1, supplement): 42-45.