Vent Fields

Welcome to the InterRidge Global Database of Active Submarine Hydrothermal Vent Fields (the “InterRidge Vents Database”).
To sort the list of Vent Fields, click on a column header.
To view details for a specific Vent Field, click on the Name ID.
To view the subset of Vent Fields that contain a specific category, click on the category (for example, "active, confirmed" in the "Activity" column).

Vent Field Name ID Activitysort descending Tectonic Setting Region Latitude Longitude Maximum or Single Reported Depth Year and How Discovered
FRSC, RC 129 and CTD 24 plume sites active, inferred back-arc spreading center Lau Basin -17.0250 -174.5017 1750 2004 plume only; 2004 dredging
SWIR, D57 active, inferred mid-ocean ridge SWIR -52.2240 13.7380 3517 2000-2001 plume and dredge only
Knipovich Ridge, 77 40'N active, inferred mid-ocean ridge Knipovich Ridge 77.6300 7.5800 3000 2000 plume only
GEISEIR site 26, segment M4 active, inferred mid-ocean ridge SEIR -43.6901 92.8451 2500 2009 plume only
CIR, 8-17 S, Segment 6, 14.75 S active, inferred mid-ocean ridge CIR -14.7500 66.5000 3400 2010 plume only
VFR, plume 3 active, inferred back-arc spreading center Lau Basin -22.4000 -176.6790 1980 2004 plume only
SEIR-WXC02 active, inferred mid-ocean ridge SEIR -50.2500 137.0000 2620 2015 plume only
Sonne active, inferred arc volcano Kermadec Arc -34.0580 179.5890 1127 2002 plume only
EPR, 30.8 S, Segment E2 active, inferred mid-ocean ridge S EPR -30.7500 -111.8770 2360 1998 plume only
Tevnia active, inferred mid-ocean ridge N EPR 10.3333 -103.5533 2925 1994 submersible Alvin did not confirm activity
C-ELSC, plume 18 active, inferred back-arc spreading center Lau Basin -20.9500 -176.2390 2230 2004 plume only
CIR, 8-17 S, Segment 7 active, inferred mid-ocean ridge CIR -17.0000 66.8000 3100 2010 plume only
CLSC, plumes on CL1 active, inferred back-arc spreading center Lau Basin -17.8667 -176.3833 2250 2009 plume only
Monowai Cone active, inferred arc volcano Tonga Arc -25.8870 -177.1880 150 1998 R/V Sonne SO-135; 2004 plume only
GEISEIR site 37, segment O4 active, inferred mid-ocean ridge SEIR -47.7483 98.1756 2800 2009 plume only
Central Andaman Trough, rift valley, dredges 9 and 10 active, inferred back-arc spreading center Andaman Basin 10.4166 94.1666 3350 1994 deposits only
EPR, 15 S active, inferred mid-ocean ridge S EPR -15.0000 -112.7700 2640 1985/86 or 1989 TV grab (need to check references to confirm activity); 1993 plume only
EPR, southern 16 N segment active, inferred mid-ocean ridge N EPR 15.5000 -105.4000 2300 1997 plume only
Alarcon Rise/Tamayo intersection active, inferred mid-ocean ridge Gulf of California 23.2336 -108.6168 2358 2015 ROV Doc Ricketts did not confirm activity
MAR, 11 N active, inferred mid-ocean ridge N MAR 11.0380 -43.6483 4010 1984 plume only; 2009 plume only
Neptune's Beard active, inferred mid-ocean ridge N MAR 12.9100 -44.9000 4100 1984 plume only; 2000 TV survey did not confirm activity
E Los Huellos Caldera active, inferred mid-ocean ridge Galapagos Rift 0.9500 -90.5300 1600 2005 plume only; 2005 towed video Medea did not confirm activity
Rumble II West active, inferred arc volcano Kermadec Arc -35.3600 178.5170 1500 1996 dredging only; 1999 plume only
EPR, 17 56'S active, inferred mid-ocean ridge S EPR -17.9400 -113.3170 2620 1993 plume only
Kavachi submarine volcano active, inferred arc volcano Solomons Arc -8.9833 157.9667 500 2000 plume only
Secca del Capo active, inferred arc volcano Aeolian Arc, Tyrrhenian Sea 38.6333 14.8500 240 1995 ROV Comex deposits only; 2007 plume only
GEISEIR site 16, segment L3 active, inferred mid-ocean ridge SEIR -41.5883 87.2615 2500 2010 plume only
Okinawa Trough, Site ES2 active, inferred back-arc spreading center Okinawa Trough 28.8137 128.1028 779 1992 dredge only
NWLSC, Southern Caldera active, inferred back-arc spreading center Lau Basin -15.9000 -177.4166 2160 2008 plume only
MAR, 19 S active, inferred mid-ocean ridge S MAR -19.3301 -11.9421 2707 2013 plume only

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