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Kebrit Deep

Name Alias(es): 
MGDS_FeatureID lowest in hierarchy: 
Vent Sites: 
Maximum Temperature: 
Location on map: 
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Maximum or Single Reported Depth (mbsl): 
Minimum Depth (mbsl): 
Tectonic setting: 
Full Spreading Rate (mm/a): 
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Host Rock: 
E-MORB, evaporites, sediments
Deposit Type: 
PMS, metalliferous muds & minor polymetallic sulfides
Notes on Vent Field Description: 
intracontinental rift; brine pool with Fe oxide & manganiferous muds, including minor sulfide-rich vents; Blum and Puchelt (1991): "Massive sulfides recovered from the Kebrit Deep carbonaceous sedimentary succession represent black smoker fragments, novel to any Red Sea brine pool deposit. Chimneys, which were also observed in situ near the seawater/brine interface of the Kebrit Deep pool,..."; sulfide chimneys reported by Scholten et al. (2000); note: well defined axial rift is absent in the northern Red Sea
Notes Relevant to Biology: 
Year and How Discovered (if active, visual confirmation is listed first): 
1972 deposits only
Discovery References (text): 
[Blum and Puchelt, Sedimentary- hosted polymetallic massive sulfide deposits of the Kebrit and Shaban Deeps, Red Sea, Miner. Depos. 26 (1991), pp. 217–227]
[H. Backer and M. Schoell, New Deeps with brines and metalliferous sediments in the Red Sea, Nature Phys. Sci. 240 (1972) 153-158]
Other References (text): 
Scholten et al. (2000) Hydrothermal mineralization in the Red Sea. Chap. 14, pp. 369-395 in Cronan (ed.) Handbook of Marine Mineral Deposits.