Vent Fields

Welcome to the InterRidge Global Database of Active Submarine Hydrothermal Vent Fields (the “InterRidge Vents Database”).
To sort the list of Vent Fields, click on a column header.
To view details for a specific Vent Field, click on the Name ID.
To view the subset of Vent Fields that contain a specific category, click on the category (for example, "active, confirmed" in the "Activity" column).

Vent Field Name ID Activity Tectonic Setting Region Latitude Longitude Maximum or Single Reported Depthsort descending Year and How Discovered
Tonga Arc, Volcano 16 active, inferred arc volcano Tonga Arc -24.1883 -176.8217 1400 2003 plume and dredge only
Temakons active, confirmed back-arc spreading center New Hebrides back-arc -17.5667 169.1000 1400 1994 towed camera with temperature
Kemp Caldera active, confirmed arc volcano South Sandwich Arc -59.7000 -28.3166 1420 2010 ROV Isis; 2009 plume only
seamount, Tikopia area active, inferred arc volcano New Hebrides Arc -12.5433 167.7883 1425 1991 submersible Cyana
Iheya Ridge active, confirmed back-arc spreading center Okinawa Trough 27.5417 126.9750 1430 1988 submersible Shinkai 2000; 1987 plume only
Seamount X active, confirmed arc volcano Mariana Arc 13.2500 144.0200 1450 1994 or earlier submersible Shinkai 6500
Edison Seamount active, inferred arc volcano Tabar-Feni Arc -3.3100 152.5800 1450 1994 and 1998 TV grab sampling did not confirm hydrothermal activity
Teahitia seamount active, confirmed intra-plate volcano Central Pacific -17.5670 -148.8167 1460 1983 submersible Cyana
Tonga Arc, Volcano 18 active, confirmed arc volcano Tonga Arc -24.5850 -176.9170 1465 2011 ROV MAGNUM; 2003 plume and dredge only
Forecast active, confirmed arc volcano Mariana Arc 13.4000 143.9166 1470 1992 submersible Shinkai 6500
Kulo Lasi active, confirmed back-arc spreading center Lau Basin -14.9200 -177.2500 1478 2010 submersible Nautile
Jade Emperor Mountain inactive mid-ocean ridge SWIR -37.9400 49.2600 1500 2010 video sled, plume survey, and geological sampling all suggest inactive
Lilliput active, confirmed mid-ocean ridge S MAR -9.5500 -13.1800 1500 2005 ROV Quest
Little Volcano active, inferred back-arc spreading center Bransfield Strait -62.7500 -59.2500 1500 1995 plume only
Brown Bear Seamount inactive mid-ocean ridge JdF Ridge 46.0333 -130.5500 1500 NotProvided
Solwara 11 active, confirmed back-arc spreading center Manus Basin -3.1667 147.1917 1500 2008 commercial ROV; 2000 submersible Nautile did not confirm activity
Lobster active, inferred back-arc spreading center Lau Basin -15.3330 -176.2830 1500 2008 plume and dredge only
Rumble II West active, inferred arc volcano Kermadec Arc -35.3600 178.5170 1500 1996 dredging only; 1999 plume only
Red Sea Rift, 18 N active, inferred mid-ocean ridge Red Sea 17.9667 40.0667 1500 1980 submersible Pisces XI (deposits only)
Havre active, confirmed arc volcano Kermadec Arc -31.0970 -179.0340 1505 2015 ROV Jason II; 2002 plume only
SuSu Knolls active, confirmed back-arc spreading center Manus Basin -3.8000 152.1000 1520 1996 towed camera/video; 1993 plume only
SPOT, Hatoma Knoll active, confirmed back-arc spreading center Okinawa Trough 24.8550 123.8410 1520 1999 submersible Shinkai 2000
Axial Seamount, ASHES active, confirmed mid-ocean ridge JdF Ridge 45.9333 -130.0140 1540 1984 submersible Alvin
Shaban Deep active, inferred mid-ocean ridge Red Sea 26.2250 35.3500 1540 1983 deposits only
Tarama Knoll active, confirmed back-arc spreading center Okinawa Trough 25.0916 124.5416 1540 2009 ROV HyperDolphin
Axial Seamount, International District active, confirmed mid-ocean ridge JdF Ridge 45.9266 -129.9795 1544 1986 submersible Pisces IV
FRSC, Fonualei South active, confirmed back-arc spreading center Lau Basin -17.5352 -174.5668 1550 2012 ROV Quest 4000
Eye of Mordor Seamount active, inferred mid-ocean ridge Galapagos Rift 1.9410 -91.3100 1555 2005 plume only
Axial Seamount, CASM active, confirmed mid-ocean ridge JdF Ridge 45.9892 -130.0272 1580 1983 submersible Pisces IV
Kebrit Deep active, inferred mid-ocean ridge Red Sea 24.7233 36.2767 1590 1972 deposits only

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