Notes on Vent Field Description:
consists of several low-temperature vents, lacks high-temperature venting; discovered in 2005 as the southernmost known hydrothermal field along the Mid-Atlantic Ridge
Notes Relevant to Biology:
small mussels (thus, the name Lilliput)
Year and How Discovered (if active, visual confirmation is listed first):
Discovery References (text):
(plume only) German et al. (2002) Hydrothermal Activity on the Southern Mid-Atlantic Ridge. AGU Fall Meeting abstract #V61B-1361
Haase, KM et al. (2005) Hydrothermal Activity and Volcanism on the Southern Mid-Atlantic Ridge. AGU Fall Meeting 2005, abstract #OS21C-05.
Other References (text):
Koschinsky, A. et al (2006) Discovery of new hydrothermal vents on the southern Mid-Atlantic Ridge (4 S - 10 S) during cruise M68/1. InterRidge News 15: 9-15
Perner, M et al. (2007) Microbial CO2 fixation and sulfur cycling associated with low-temperature emissions at the Lilliput hydrothermal field, southern Mid-Atlantic Ridge (9°S). Environmental Microbiology 9(5): 1186-1201.