Vent Fields

Welcome to the InterRidge Global Database of Active Submarine Hydrothermal Vent Fields (the “InterRidge Vents Database”).
To sort the list of Vent Fields, click on a column header.
To view details for a specific Vent Field, click on the Name ID.
To view the subset of Vent Fields that contain a specific category, click on the category (for example, "active, confirmed" in the "Activity" column).

Vent Field Name ID Activitysort descending Tectonic Setting Region Latitude Longitude Maximum or Single Reported Depth Year and How Discovered
DESMOS Cauldron active, confirmed back-arc spreading center Manus Basin -3.6958 151.8717 2000 1990 deep-sea monitoring system (DESMOS) video and still cameras
Saldanha active, confirmed mid-ocean ridge N MAR 36.5667 -33.4333 2300 1998 submersible Nautile
Yoron Hole active, confirmed back-arc spreading center Okinawa Trough 27.4916 127.5333 590 2010 ROV Hyperdolphin
Menez Hom active, confirmed mid-ocean ridge N MAR 37.1500 -32.4333 1802 2002 ROV Victor 6000
W Los Huellos Caldera active, inferred mid-ocean ridge Galapagos Rift 1.0000 -90.6000 1600 2005 plume only
Peggy Ridge active, inferred back-arc spreading center Lau Basin -16.9233 -176.8250 1900 1975 or earlier rock samples only; inactive in systematic survey on Arculus cruise SS07/2008
SWIR, D50B active, inferred mid-ocean ridge SWIR -52.4200 12.7480 3913 2000-2001 plume and dredge only
Tangyin active, inferred back-arc spreading center Okinawa Trough 25.0667 122.5667 1206 2014 likely by dredging or ROV during the HOBAB3 cruise on R/V Kexue
GEISEIR site 24, segment M3 active, inferred mid-ocean ridge SEIR -43.0369 91.0357 2400 2009 plume only
Sisifo active, inferred arc volcano Aeolian Arc, Tyrrhenian Sea 38.7833 13.8666 1200 2007 plume only
GEISEIR site 13, segment L1 active, inferred mid-ocean ridge SEIR -41.0125 86.0608 2800 2010 plume only
94SO2 active, inferred back-arc spreading center New Hebrides back-arc -19.4000 169.9000 980 1994 towed camera with temperature did not confirm activity
MAR, 28 S active, inferred mid-ocean ridge S MAR -27.7936 -13.3730 3217 2013 plume only
Puy des Folles active, inferred mid-ocean ridge N MAR 20.5083 -45.6417 2000 1996 submersible Nautile observed only inactive vents
SWIR, Plume 6 active, inferred mid-ocean ridge SWIR -27.7670 65.1330 3200 1997 plume only
NELSC, T08C09 and T08C18 active, inferred back-arc spreading center Lau Basin -15.4030 -174.2630 1800 2008 plume only
MAR, 14 54'N active, inferred mid-ocean ridge N MAR 14.9200 -44.9000 3500 1988 or earlier seafloor photographs did not confirm hydrothermal activity
GEISEIR site 35, segment O3 active, inferred mid-ocean ridge SEIR -47.6179 97.8678 2600 2009 plume only
Eva active, inferred arc volcano New Hebrides Arc -22.0000 170.7500 1600 2008 plume only
Knipovich Ridge, 76 48'N active, inferred mid-ocean ridge Knipovich Ridge 76.7833 8.0000 3500 1996 temperature anomaly and towed video did not confirm activity
Aden New Century Mountains active, inferred mid-ocean ridge Aden Ridge 12.0833 45.6667 800 2000-2001 plume only
EPR, 28.7 S, Segment W4 active, inferred mid-ocean ridge S EPR -28.7000 -112.9880 2350 1998 plume only
NE Anatahan submarine volcano active, inferred arc volcano Mariana Arc 16.3750 145.7250 460 2003 multibeam and sidescan sonar only
EPR, 1 S active, inferred mid-ocean ridge S EPR -0.8000 -102.4600 2800 2005 plume only
Solwara 18 active, inferred back-arc spreading center Manus Basin -3.0760 147.2390 1308 2008 plumes with some sites subsequently observed with ROV; 2009 commercial ROV Fugro FV300 (activity not confirmed)
MAR, segment south of St. Paul system active, inferred mid-ocean ridge N MAR 0.5000 -25.0000 3500 2013 plume only
N-ELSC, plume 22 active, inferred back-arc spreading center Lau Basin -20.4000 -176.1580 2700 2004 plume only
Tonga Arc, Volcano 16 active, inferred arc volcano Tonga Arc -24.1883 -176.8217 1400 2003 plume and dredge only
Gakkel Ridge, Site 6 active, inferred mid-ocean ridge Gakkel Ridge 86.5333 43.0000 3000 2001 plume only
Kuiwai active, inferred arc volcano Kermadec Arc -33.1560 -179.9560 630 2002 plume only

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