Vent Fields

Welcome to the InterRidge Global Database of Active Submarine Hydrothermal Vent Fields (the “InterRidge Vents Database”).
To sort the list of Vent Fields, click on a column header.
To view details for a specific Vent Field, click on the Name ID.
To view the subset of Vent Fields that contain a specific category, click on the category (for example, "active, confirmed" in the "Activity" column).

Vent Field Name ID Activitysort descending Tectonic Setting Region Latitude Longitude Maximum or Single Reported Depth Year and How Discovered
Calypso Vents active, confirmed back-arc spreading center Taupo Volcanic Zone -37.6800 177.1170 200 1989 submersible Soucoup
Taketomi Thermal Area active, confirmed arc volcano Ryukyu Arc 24.3483 124.1017 23 1987 or earlier, likely by SCUBA
Minami-Ensei Knoll active, confirmed back-arc spreading center Okinawa Trough 28.3917 127.6417 740 1988 deep tow TV surveys followed by submersible Shinkai 2000; 1986 dredged Calyptogena shells
EPR, 10 44.6'N active, confirmed mid-ocean ridge N EPR 10.7433 -103.6500 2580 1985 Argo video tow with temperature
EPR, Manzanillo Spreading Segment active, inferred mid-ocean ridge N EPR 18.2500 -106.3000 2600 1997 plume only
MAR, 25 S active, inferred mid-ocean ridge S MAR -25.3350 -13.6305 2570 2013 plume only
South Kurchatov active, inferred mid-ocean ridge N MAR 40.4670 -29.5500 2900 1992 plume only; 1995 plume only
Gorda Ridge, GR-15 active, inferred mid-ocean ridge Gorda Ridge 42.9500 -126.5500 3365 1985 plume only
CLSC, southern plumes on CL6 active, inferred back-arc spreading center Lau Basin -18.5000 -176.3833 2250 2009 plume only
West Fiji Ridge active, inferred back-arc spreading center North Fiji Basin -17.0000 176.0000 3000 1995 deep tow
Chile Rise, Segment N9A active, inferred mid-ocean ridge Chile Rise -39.0500 -91.5833 3450 1998 plume only
N-ELSC, plume 29 active, inferred back-arc spreading center Lau Basin -19.6000 -175.9750 2700 2004 plume only
EPR, 14 18'S active, inferred mid-ocean ridge S EPR -14.3000 -112.6670 2630 1993 plume only
CIR, 8-17 S, Segment 4, 10.9 S active, inferred mid-ocean ridge CIR -10.9000 66.7000 3500 2010 plume only
FRSC, 14b, 16.11 S active, inferred back-arc spreading center Lau Basin -16.1150 -174.5680 2250 2008 plume only
SWIR, 63.9 E active, inferred mid-ocean ridge SWIR -27.8510 63.9230 2759 2009 DY115-20 Leg 7 (need reference to confirm activity)
Suakin Deep active, inferred mid-ocean ridge Red Sea 19.6333 38.7333 2850 1972 deposits only
MAR, 7 57'S active, inferred mid-ocean ridge S MAR -7.9500 -13.4420 2600 2001 plume only
Douglas Strait caldera, Thule Island, South Sandwich Islands active, inferred arc volcano South Sandwich Arc -59.4167 -27.3333 625 2009 plume only; 2008 or earlier high resolution bathymetry only
GEISEIR site 9, segment K3 active, inferred mid-ocean ridge SEIR -41.9633 82.0600 2700 2010 plume only
EPR, 22 30'S active, inferred mid-ocean ridge S EPR -22.5000 -114.3670 2600 1985/86 or 1989 TV grab (need to check references to confirm activity)
Bai Causeway active, inferred mid-ocean ridge SWIR -37.9000 48.8000 3000 2014 leg 2 or 3 of the 30th Chinese Cruise
Ahyi active, inferred arc volcano Mariana Arc 20.4200 145.0300 60 2003 plume only
S Oceanographer active, inferred mid-ocean ridge N MAR 34.8670 -36.4330 3460 1992 plume only
ESR, E5 active, inferred back-arc spreading center East Scotia Ridge -57.5000 -30.2000 3000 1999 plume only
Kibblewhite active, inferred arc volcano Kermadec Arc -34.5750 179.2550 1106 2002 plume only
EPR, 11 07'N active, inferred mid-ocean ridge N EPR 11.1330 -103.7800 2580 1988 submersible Alvin dive #1989 (need reference to confirm activity); 1991 plume only
GEISEIR site 32, segment O2 active, inferred mid-ocean ridge SEIR -47.1196 96.8947 2600 2009 plume only
EPR, 29.5 S, Segment E1 active, inferred mid-ocean ridge S EPR -29.5000 -111.7200 2580 1998 plume only
SEIR-WXC22 active, inferred mid-ocean ridge SEIR -50.2500 132.1000 2950 2015 plume only

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