Vent Fields

Welcome to the InterRidge Global Database of Active Submarine Hydrothermal Vent Fields (the “InterRidge Vents Database”).
To sort the list of Vent Fields, click on a column header.
To view details for a specific Vent Field, click on the Name ID.
To view the subset of Vent Fields that contain a specific category, click on the category (for example, "active, confirmed" in the "Activity" column).

Vent Field Name ID Activity Tectonic Settingsort descending Region Latitude Longitude Maximum or Single Reported Depth Year and How Discovered
San Cristobal arc, Target N active, inferred arc volcano Solomons Arc -10.5000 164.0000 2000 2002 dredge only
Montserrat Offshore Springs active, confirmed arc volcano Lesser Antilles Arc 16.7100 -62.2300 10 1996 or earlier (assume SCUBA)
Kos active, confirmed arc volcano Hellenic Arc, Aegean Sea 36.8500 27.2500 10 1983 or earlier, likely by SCUBA
South Sarigan Seamount active, inferred arc volcano Mariana Arc 16.5800 145.7800 240 2013 ROV HyperDolphin (did not confirm activity)
Mata Ua active, confirmed arc volcano Lau Basin -15.0166 -173.7833 2397 2012 ROV Quest 4000; 2010 plume only (towed camera did not confirm)
Ngatoroirangi active, inferred arc volcano Kermadec Arc -33.7310 179.8250 467 2002 plume only
Tonga Arc, Volcano 4 active, inferred arc volcano Tonga Arc -22.0670 -176.2080 200 2003 plume and dredge only
Sisifo active, inferred arc volcano Aeolian Arc, Tyrrhenian Sea 38.7833 13.8666 1200 2007 plume only
Luise Harbor, Lihir Island active, confirmed arc volcano Tabar-Feni Arc -3.1167 152.6500 30 1990 or earlier
Edison Seamount active, inferred arc volcano Tabar-Feni Arc -3.3100 152.5800 1450 1994 and 1998 TV grab sampling did not confirm hydrothermal activity
Daiichi-Amami knoll active, inferred arc volcano Ryukyu Arc 28.4500 128.7500 350 2013 multibeam echo sounder on S/V Takuyo and AUV Gondo
SW Syoyo active, inferred arc volcano Mariana Arc 22.3870 142.7620 1750 2003 plume only
Kasuga 2 Seamount active, confirmed arc volcano Mariana Arc 21.6000 143.6167 500 1987 submersible Alvin
Gamble volcanic center active, inferred arc volcano Kermadec Arc -27.2000 -177.4100 250 2004 plume and dredging NZAPLUME III expedition
Palinuro active, confirmed arc volcano Aeolian Arc, Tyrrhenian Sea 39.5500 14.7000 1000 2006 ROV Cherokee; 1968 manganese crust only; 1984 deposits only; 1993 TV profile did not confirm
Kemp Caldera active, confirmed arc volcano South Sandwich Arc -59.7000 -28.3166 1420 2010 ROV Isis; 2009 plume only
Santorini active, confirmed arc volcano Hellenic Arc, Aegean Sea 36.4333 25.4000 400 1960's, likely by SCUBA; 2006 deeper vents HOV Thetis and AUV SeaBED
Douglas Strait caldera, Thule Island, South Sandwich Islands active, inferred arc volcano South Sandwich Arc -59.4167 -27.3333 625 2009 plume only; 2008 or earlier high resolution bathymetry only
Kos, south active, inferred arc volcano Hellenic Arc, Aegean Sea 36.6667 27.2500 450 1997 plume only
Tonga Arc, Volcano 1 active, confirmed arc volcano Tonga Arc -21.1500 -175.7500 210 2005 with submersibles PISCES IV and PISCES V and ROV RCV-150; 2003 plume and dredge only
Mata Taha active, inferred arc volcano Lau Basin -15.0416 -173.7833 2160 2010 plume only
Tonga Arc, Volcano 8 active, inferred arc volcano Tonga Arc -22.8433 -176.4317 240 2003 plume and dredge only
Krakatau active, inferred arc volcano Banda/Sunda Arc -6.1020 105.4230 250 2002 CTD/transmissometer and dredge only
Macauley Caldera active, confirmed arc volcano Kermadec Arc -30.2140 -178.7210 500 2002 towed camera TAN0205 cruise
Clark volcano active, confirmed arc volcano Kermadec Arc -36.4490 177.8400 930 2005 submersible Pisces V; 1999 plume only
Kasuga 3 Seamount active, confirmed arc volcano Mariana Arc 21.3833 143.6000 1140 1987 submersible Alvin
Nagahama Bay, Iwo-dake Volcano active, confirmed arc volcano Ryukyu Arc 30.7500 130.3330 26 1994 or earlier intertidal; 2008 or earlier SCUBA subtidal
Wright volcanic center active, confirmed arc volcano Kermadec Arc -31.8500 -179.1880 1165 2005 submersible PISCES V; 2004 plume NZAPLUME III cruise
Gemini-Oscostar Volcanic Complex active, inferred arc volcano New Hebrides Arc -20.9830 170.2830 100 2001 deposits and plume; 2004 plume and sulfide samples
Kolumbo active, confirmed arc volcano Hellenic Arc, Aegean Sea 36.5250 25.4833 500 2006 ROV Hercules

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