Vent Fields

Welcome to the InterRidge Global Database of Active Submarine Hydrothermal Vent Fields (the “InterRidge Vents Database”).
To sort the list of Vent Fields, click on a column header.
To view details for a specific Vent Field, click on the Name ID.
To view the subset of Vent Fields that contain a specific category, click on the category (for example, "active, confirmed" in the "Activity" column).

Vent Field Name ID Activitysort descending Tectonic Setting Region Latitude Longitude Maximum or Single Reported Depth Year and How Discovered
Fukujin volcano active, inferred arc volcano Mariana Arc 21.9300 143.4700 1100 1987 deposits only
EPR, 15 24'S active, inferred mid-ocean ridge S EPR -15.4000 -112.8350 2640 1993 plume only
Neptune's Beard active, inferred mid-ocean ridge N MAR 12.9100 -44.9000 4100 1984 plume only; 2000 TV survey did not confirm activity
MAR, 4 02'S active, inferred mid-ocean ridge S MAR -4.0333 -12.2500 4000 2005 plume only
CIR, 8-17 S, Segment 4, 11.3 S active, inferred mid-ocean ridge CIR -11.3000 66.4000 3500 2010 plume only
E Los Huellos Caldera active, inferred mid-ocean ridge Galapagos Rift 0.9500 -90.5300 1600 2005 plume only; 2005 towed video Medea did not confirm activity
Tonga Arc, Volcano A active, inferred arc volcano Tonga Arc -20.8600 -175.5500 700 2004 plume only
Eolo Seamount active, inferred arc volcano Aeolian Arc, Tyrrhenian Sea 38.5800 14.1667 800 1976 Fe crusts only; 2007 plume only; 2011 ROV Hercules but can not confirm based on Carey et al. (2012)
FRSC, 14b, 16.11 S active, inferred back-arc spreading center Lau Basin -16.1150 -174.5680 2250 2008 plume only
SWIR, D36 active, inferred mid-ocean ridge SWIR -52.7490 11.7110 3981 2000-2001 plume and dredge only
EPR, 16 43'S active, inferred mid-ocean ridge S EPR -16.7170 -113.0680 2600 1985/86 or 1989 TV grab (need to check references to confirm activity)
Galapagos Rift, 95.5 W active, inferred mid-ocean ridge Galapagos Rift 2.6700 -95.4500 3200 1990 submersible Alvin did not confirm activity
S Oceanographer active, inferred mid-ocean ridge N MAR 34.8670 -36.4330 3460 1992 plume only
Okinawa Trough, Site ES2 active, inferred back-arc spreading center Okinawa Trough 28.8137 128.1028 779 1992 dredge only
EPR, 28.3 S, Segment W3 active, inferred mid-ocean ridge S EPR -28.3000 -112.9830 2220 1998 plume only
Bai Causeway active, inferred mid-ocean ridge SWIR -37.9000 48.8000 3000 2014 leg 2 or 3 of the 30th Chinese Cruise
Mariana Trough, plume 2 active, inferred back-arc spreading center Mariana Trough 12.7610 143.4730 2950 2003 plume only
CLSC, CL_8 active, inferred back-arc spreading center Lau Basin -18.0500 -176.3333 2250 2009 plume only
MTJ, PAPATUA active, inferred back-arc spreading center Lau Basin -15.3850 -174.6430 2170 1986 PAPATUA Expedition deposits only; 2008 plume only
SWIR, Plume 5 active, inferred mid-ocean ridge SWIR -27.9170 64.4500 4000 1997 plume only
C-ELSC, plume 19 active, inferred back-arc spreading center Lau Basin -20.8700 -176.2170 2230 2004 plume only
Hinetapeka volcanic center active, inferred arc volcano Kermadec Arc -28.5900 -177.8200 300 2004 plume and dredging NZAPLUME III expedition
GEISEIR site 28, segment M6 active, inferred mid-ocean ridge SEIR -44.7237 94.6039 2700 2009 plume only
Knipovich Ridge, 75 N active, inferred mid-ocean ridge Knipovich Ridge 74.8000 8.4417 3185 2000 plume only
Lucky B active, inferred mid-ocean ridge Lena Trough 81.3610 -3.4400 4000 1999 dredging only
GEISEIR site 17, segment L3 active, inferred mid-ocean ridge SEIR -41.6498 87.3481 2500 2010 plume only
SEIR-WXC22 active, inferred mid-ocean ridge SEIR -50.2500 132.1000 2950 2015 plume only
Vityaz megamullion active, inferred mid-ocean ridge CIR -5.4000 68.5833 3500 1979 plume and deposits only
Eye of Mordor Seamount active, inferred mid-ocean ridge Galapagos Rift 1.9410 -91.3100 1555 2005 plume only
EPR, 11 30'N active, inferred mid-ocean ridge N EPR 11.4833 -103.7833 2422 1981 towed camera and plume did not confirm activity; 1988 submersible Alvin dive #1996 (need reference to confirm activity)

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