Vent Fields

Welcome to the InterRidge Global Database of Active Submarine Hydrothermal Vent Fields (the “InterRidge Vents Database”).
To sort the list of Vent Fields, click on a column header.
To view details for a specific Vent Field, click on the Name ID.
To view the subset of Vent Fields that contain a specific category, click on the category (for example, "active, confirmed" in the "Activity" column).

Vent Field Name ID Activitysort descending Tectonic Setting Region Latitude Longitude Maximum or Single Reported Depth Year and How Discovered
Tonga Arc, Volcano 15 active, inferred arc volcano Tonga Arc -23.9000 -176.7800 1400 2003 plume only
Gemini-Oscostar Volcanic Complex active, inferred arc volcano New Hebrides Arc -20.9830 170.2830 100 2001 deposits and plume; 2004 plume and sulfide samples
Gakkel Ridge, Site 5 active, inferred mid-ocean ridge Gakkel Ridge 86.3500 37.0000 3600 2001 plume only
Mariana Trough, 14.5 N active, inferred back-arc spreading center Mariana Trough 14.4870 144.0940 4120 2015 plume only
C-ELSC, plume 13 active, inferred back-arc spreading center Lau Basin -21.4150 -176.3720 2100 2004 plume only
Naung active, inferred arc volcano Sangihe Arc 3.7791 125.3750 600 2001 dredge only, 2003 CTD only
EPR, 8 53'N active, inferred mid-ocean ridge N EPR 8.9000 -104.2000 2580 1991 plume only
C-ELSC, unnamed active, inferred back-arc spreading center Lau Basin -21.1070 -176.2920 2300 2004 (assume submersible Shinkai 6500); 2004 plume only on previous cruise
Myojinsho Caldera active, inferred arc volcano Izu-Bonin Arc 31.8833 139.9500 1110 1988 deposits only; 2005 plume only
Mata Fa active, inferred arc volcano Lau Basin -14.9833 -173.8000 2600 2010 plume only
Aden New Century Mountains active, inferred mid-ocean ridge Aden Ridge 12.0833 45.6667 800 2000-2001 plume only
EPR, 17 S active, inferred mid-ocean ridge S EPR -17.0000 -113.1170 2680 1993 plume only
Haungaroa active, inferred arc volcano Kermadec Arc -32.6060 -179.6090 1165 2002 plume only
SWIR, D50B active, inferred mid-ocean ridge SWIR -52.4200 12.7480 3913 2000-2001 plume and dredge only
MAR, 23 S active, inferred mid-ocean ridge S MAR -23.7428 -13.3936 2880 2013 plume only
94SO2 active, inferred back-arc spreading center New Hebrides back-arc -19.4000 169.9000 980 1994 towed camera with temperature did not confirm activity
W Los Huellos Caldera active, inferred mid-ocean ridge Galapagos Rift 1.0000 -90.6000 1600 2005 plume only
GEISEIR site 26, segment M4 active, inferred mid-ocean ridge SEIR -43.6901 92.8451 2500 2009 plume only
EPR, 28 S, Segment W3 active, inferred mid-ocean ridge S EPR -28.0170 -112.9040 2130 1998 plume only
GEISEIR site 15, segment L1 active, inferred mid-ocean ridge SEIR -41.2230 86.3892 2500 2010 plume only
EPR, 21 40'S active, inferred mid-ocean ridge S EPR -21.6340 -114.3010 2730 1987-1988 deposits only
Tonga Arc, Volcano 16 active, inferred arc volcano Tonga Arc -24.1883 -176.8217 1400 2003 plume and dredge only
Putoto volcanic center active, inferred arc volcano Kermadec Arc -27.6800 -177.6100 700 2004 plume and dredging NZAPLUME III expedition
EPR, 16 24'S active, inferred mid-ocean ridge S EPR -16.4000 -113.0500 2640 1993 plume only
CIR, 8-17 S, Segment 7 active, inferred mid-ocean ridge CIR -17.0000 66.8000 3100 2010 plume only
Solwara 18 active, inferred back-arc spreading center Manus Basin -3.0760 147.2390 1308 2008 plumes with some sites subsequently observed with ROV; 2009 commercial ROV Fugro FV300 (activity not confirmed)
Eva active, inferred arc volcano New Hebrides Arc -22.0000 170.7500 1600 2008 plume only
CLSC, plumes on CL1 active, inferred back-arc spreading center Lau Basin -17.8667 -176.3833 2250 2009 plume only
GEISEIR site 37, segment O4 active, inferred mid-ocean ridge SEIR -47.7483 98.1756 2800 2009 plume only
Knipovich Ridge, 76 48'N active, inferred mid-ocean ridge Knipovich Ridge 76.7833 8.0000 3500 1996 temperature anomaly and towed video did not confirm activity

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