Vent Fields

Welcome to the InterRidge Global Database of Active Submarine Hydrothermal Vent Fields (the “InterRidge Vents Database”).
To sort the list of Vent Fields, click on a column header.
To view details for a specific Vent Field, click on the Name ID.
To view the subset of Vent Fields that contain a specific category, click on the category (for example, "active, confirmed" in the "Activity" column).

Vent Field Name ID Activity Tectonic Settingsort ascending Region Latitude Longitude Maximum or Single Reported Depth Year and How Discovered
EPR, 15 S active, inferred mid-ocean ridge S EPR -15.0000 -112.7700 2640 1985/86 or 1989 TV grab (need to check references to confirm activity); 1993 plume only
EPR, 9 50'N active, confirmed mid-ocean ridge N EPR 9.8300 -104.2900 2520 1989 Argo I towed video
Lost City active, confirmed mid-ocean ridge N MAR 30.1250 -42.1183 800 2000 towed video ARGO-II and submersible Alvin
EPR, 18 32'S active, confirmed mid-ocean ridge S EPR -18.5550 -113.4160 2647 1993 submersible Nautile
Baby Bare Seamount active, confirmed mid-ocean ridge JdF Ridge 47.7100 -127.7870 2600 1995 submersible Alvin
Moytirra active, confirmed mid-ocean ridge N MAR 45.4833 -27.8500 2900 2011 ROV Holland 1; 2008 plume only MAPRs, ROV Isis buoyant plume, but no visual confirmation
EPR 87D1 Seamount inactive mid-ocean ridge N EPR 11.5333 -103.8600 2090 NotProvided
Edmond Field active, confirmed mid-ocean ridge CIR -23.8780 69.5960 3320 2001 ROV Jason
Uka Pacha active, confirmed mid-ocean ridge Galapagos Rift 0.7700 -88.3000 2100 2011 ROV Little Hercules
CIR, 8-17 S, Segment 6, 14.75 S active, inferred mid-ocean ridge CIR -14.7500 66.5000 3400 2010 plume only
CIR, 8-17 S, Segment 2 active, inferred mid-ocean ridge CIR -9.9000 66.7500 4000 2010 plume only
EPR, 3.9 N offset active, confirmed mid-ocean ridge N EPR 3.9170 -102.2330 2875 1989 or earlier Deep Tow photographs (cruise RIFTS or PAPATUA)
Source active, confirmed mid-ocean ridge JdF Ridge 46.1550 -129.8100 2055 1993 submersible Alvin
Mohns Ridge, 72.8 N active, inferred mid-ocean ridge Mohns Ridge 72.8060 4.1650 2300 2013 plume only
Reykjanes Ridge, Area B active, inferred mid-ocean ridge Reykjanes Ridge 59.8167 -29.6833 1000 1992 submersible Mir did not find vents
GEISEIR site 11, segment K4 active, inferred mid-ocean ridge SEIR -42.5375 82.8266 2600 2010 plume only
EPR, 11 42'N active, confirmed mid-ocean ridge N EPR 11.7000 -103.8500 2580 1984 Angus camera (or 1985 Argo video) tow with temperature
MAR, 27 N active, inferred mid-ocean ridge N MAR 27.0000 -44.5000 2900 1993 plume only
EPR, 17 34'S active, confirmed mid-ocean ridge S EPR -17.5667 -113.2333 2600 1994 submersible Shinkai 6500; 1996 Argo II towed video
Merian active, inferred mid-ocean ridge S MAR -26.0166 -13.8500 2550 2012 R/V Dayang Yihao; 2013 AUV Abyss plume and side-scan data
Galapagos Mounds active, confirmed mid-ocean ridge Galapagos Rift 1.4500 -86.1665 2700 1977 submersible Alvin
SWIR, 51.7 E active, inferred mid-ocean ridge SWIR -37.4660 51.7320 1595 2008 plume and dredge only
Steinaholl Vent Field active, confirmed mid-ocean ridge Reykjanes Ridge 63.1000 -24.5333 350 1990 plume, echosounding, and towed video; 1993 plume only (included echosounding for more precise location)
Jade Emperor Mountain inactive mid-ocean ridge SWIR -37.9400 49.2600 1500 2010 video sled, plume survey, and geological sampling all suggest inactive
S-OH2 active, inferred mid-ocean ridge N MAR 34.0670 -37.4830 3250 2000 or earlier plume only
Hawaiian Ridge inactive intra-plate volcano Central Pacific 15.0000 -157.5000 5000 1987 or earlier
Macdonald Seamount active, confirmed intra-plate volcano Central Pacific -28.9833 -140.2500 150 1989 submersible Cyana
Bounty Seamount active, confirmed intra-plate volcano Central Pacific -25.1667 -129.4000 420 1999 submersible Nautile; 1989 plume only
Espalamaca active, confirmed intra-plate volcano 38.5500 -28.6000 50 2010 or earlier likely SCUBA
Loihi Seamount active, confirmed intra-plate volcano Central Pacific 18.9500 -155.2500 4800 1985 bottom photography R/V Hakuho Maru; 1987 submersible Alvin

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