Vent Fields

Welcome to the InterRidge Global Database of Active Submarine Hydrothermal Vent Fields (the “InterRidge Vents Database”).
To sort the list of Vent Fields, click on a column header.
To view details for a specific Vent Field, click on the Name ID.
To view the subset of Vent Fields that contain a specific category, click on the category (for example, "active, confirmed" in the "Activity" column).

Vent Field Name ID Activity Tectonic Settingsort ascending Region Latitude Longitude Maximum or Single Reported Depth Year and How Discovered
Hess Deep inactive mid-ocean ridge Galapagos Rift 2.2500 -101.5000 5100 NotProvided
MAR, 43 N active, inferred mid-ocean ridge N MAR 43.0000 -29.0000 3400 1986 or earlier plume only
Don Joao de Castro Bank active, confirmed mid-ocean ridge Terceira Rift 38.2300 -26.6300 45 1995 SCUBA
GEISEIR site 8, segment K3 active, inferred mid-ocean ridge SEIR -41.8833 81.9816 2800 2010 plume only
North FAMOUS active, inferred mid-ocean ridge N MAR 36.9670 -32.9670 2500 1994 plume only
EPR, 21 N active, confirmed mid-ocean ridge N EPR 20.8333 -109.0833 2600 1979 submersible Alvin; 1978 submersible Cyana discovered mineral deposits only
Aurora active, confirmed mid-ocean ridge Gakkel Ridge 82.8833 -6.2500 4100 2001 shimmering water in camera tow and sulfide chimney in dredge
Su Causeway active, inferred mid-ocean ridge SWIR -38.1000 48.6000 3000 2014 leg 2 or 3 of the 30th Chinese Cruise
EPR, 18 26'S active, confirmed mid-ocean ridge S EPR -18.4333 -113.3833 2650 1993 submersible Nautile; 1983 seafloor photos, temperature anomalies, and deposits did not confirm activity; 1984 submersible Cyana observed only inactive sites; 1985/86 or 1989 TV grab (need to check references to confirm activity)
AHA Field active, confirmed mid-ocean ridge N EPR 1.7333 -102.2830 2850 2000 towed imaging ARGO-II
Sasquatch Field active, confirmed mid-ocean ridge JdF Ridge 47.9969 -129.0662 2200 2000 submersible Alvin
Eye of Mordor Seamount active, inferred mid-ocean ridge Galapagos Rift 1.9410 -91.3100 1555 2005 plume only
S AMAR 2 active, inferred mid-ocean ridge N MAR 35.9670 -34.1830 2240 1992 plume only; 1994 plume only
SWIR, 53.2 E active, inferred mid-ocean ridge SWIR -36.1010 53.2550 2218 2008 plume and dredge only
GEISEIR site 31, segment O1 active, inferred mid-ocean ridge SEIR -46.8956 96.5709 2600 2009 plume only
GEISEIR site 20, segment L3 active, inferred mid-ocean ridge SEIR -41.9508 87.8008 2400 2010 plume only
EPR, 28.7 S, Segment W4 active, inferred mid-ocean ridge S EPR -28.7000 -112.9880 2350 1998 plume only
SEIR-WXC25 active, inferred mid-ocean ridge SEIR -50.2500 131.9000 3050 2015 plume only
Galapagos Rift, 93.7 W active, inferred mid-ocean ridge Galapagos Rift 2.4970 -93.7700 2220 2005 plume only
GEISEIR site 1, segment J2 active, inferred mid-ocean ridge SEIR -39.4400 78.0920 2270 1996 plume only
Gakkel Ridge, 7.5 E active, inferred mid-ocean ridge Gakkel Ridge 85.0167 7.4500 3600 2001 plume only
Logatchev-4 inactive mid-ocean ridge N MAR 14.7063 -44.9083 2000 2004 TV sled observed inactive field [ROV QUEST was also on this cruise, but Kuhn et al. (2004) do not report its use at Logatchev-4]
SWIR, Plume 2, Segment 16 active, inferred mid-ocean ridge SWIR -31.0670 58.9670 4200 1997 plume only
Kebrit Deep active, inferred mid-ocean ridge Red Sea 24.7233 36.2767 1590 1972 deposits only
EPR, 10 44.6'N active, confirmed mid-ocean ridge N EPR 10.7433 -103.6500 2580 1985 Argo video tow with temperature
El Hierro, Tagoro active, confirmed intra-plate volcano 27.6200 -17.9900 350 2016 submersible JAGO, 2017 ROV Liropus 2000, 2011 water column sampling
Loihi Seamount active, confirmed intra-plate volcano Central Pacific 18.9500 -155.2500 4800 1985 bottom photography R/V Hakuho Maru; 1987 submersible Alvin
Teahitia seamount active, confirmed intra-plate volcano Central Pacific -17.5670 -148.8167 1460 1983 submersible Cyana
Vailulu'u Seamount active, confirmed intra-plate volcano Central Pacific -14.2167 -169.0667 1000 2005 submersible Pisces V; 2000 plume only
Hawaiian Ridge inactive intra-plate volcano Central Pacific 15.0000 -157.5000 5000 1987 or earlier

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