Vent Fields

Welcome to the InterRidge Global Database of Active Submarine Hydrothermal Vent Fields (the “InterRidge Vents Database”).
To sort the list of Vent Fields, click on a column header.
To view details for a specific Vent Field, click on the Name ID.
To view the subset of Vent Fields that contain a specific category, click on the category (for example, "active, confirmed" in the "Activity" column).

Vent Field Name ID Activitysort descending Tectonic Setting Region Latitude Longitude Maximum or Single Reported Depth Year and How Discovered
Carlsberg Ridge, CR2003 active, inferred mid-ocean ridge Carlsberg Ridge 6.0500 60.9500 3500 2003 plume only; 2007 plume only
VC7 active, inferred arc volcano Hellenic Arc, Aegean Sea 36.5608 25.5250 320 2010 ROV Hercules
N-ELSC, plume 28 active, inferred back-arc spreading center Lau Basin -19.6500 -175.9890 2550 2004 plume only
NELSC, T08C12 active, inferred back-arc spreading center Lau Basin -15.2179 -174.1788 2000 2008 plume only
CIR, 8-17 S, Segment 3 active, inferred mid-ocean ridge CIR -10.6600 66.5000 3500 2010 plume only
EPR, 28.7 S, Segment W4 active, inferred mid-ocean ridge S EPR -28.7000 -112.9880 2350 1998 plume only
MAR, 17 S active, inferred mid-ocean ridge S MAR -17.2522 -14.2270 3280 2013 plume only
GEISEIR site 8, segment K3 active, inferred mid-ocean ridge SEIR -41.8833 81.9816 2800 2010 plume only
North FAMOUS active, inferred mid-ocean ridge N MAR 36.9670 -32.9670 2500 1994 plume only
Su Causeway active, inferred mid-ocean ridge SWIR -38.1000 48.6000 3000 2014 leg 2 or 3 of the 30th Chinese Cruise
Ngatoroirangi active, inferred arc volcano Kermadec Arc -33.7310 179.8250 467 2002 plume only
Knipovich Ridge, 75 N active, inferred mid-ocean ridge Knipovich Ridge 74.8000 8.4417 3185 2000 plume only
EPR, Manzanillo Spreading Segment active, inferred mid-ocean ridge N EPR 18.2500 -106.3000 2600 1997 plume only
Krakatau active, inferred arc volcano Banda/Sunda Arc -6.1020 105.4230 250 2002 CTD/transmissometer and dredge only
S AMAR 2 active, inferred mid-ocean ridge N MAR 35.9670 -34.1830 2240 1992 plume only; 1994 plume only
EPR, 17 42'S active, inferred mid-ocean ridge S EPR -17.7000 -113.2500 2600 1993 plume only
Discovery Deep active, inferred mid-ocean ridge Red Sea 21.2830 38.0500 2100 1965 "confirmed" hot brine and cored seafloor, but see Table 1 in Miller et al. (1966) for historical measurements
FRSC, 14b, 16.31 S active, inferred back-arc spreading center Lau Basin -16.3110 -174.5550 2380 2008 plume only
SWIR, 53.2 E active, inferred mid-ocean ridge SWIR -36.1010 53.2550 2218 2008 plume and dredge only
Tonga Arc, Volcano 15 active, inferred arc volcano Tonga Arc -23.9000 -176.7800 1400 2003 plume only
Stromboli active, inferred arc volcano Aeolian Arc, Tyrrhenian Sea 38.7890 15.2130 250 1969 Fe crusts only
MAR, 43 N active, inferred mid-ocean ridge N MAR 43.0000 -29.0000 3400 1986 or earlier plume only
Gakkel Ridge, Site 7 active, inferred mid-ocean ridge Gakkel Ridge 86.9833 55.5000 3800 2001 plume only
SEIR-WXC25 active, inferred mid-ocean ridge SEIR -50.2500 131.9000 3050 2015 plume only
ESR, E5 active, inferred back-arc spreading center East Scotia Ridge -57.5000 -30.2000 3000 1999 plume only
GEISEIR site 1, segment J2 active, inferred mid-ocean ridge SEIR -39.4400 78.0920 2270 1996 plume only
EPR, 2 S, off-axis active, inferred mid-ocean ridge S EPR -2.0840 -102.8270 3000 2008 plume only
East Mata submarine volcano active, inferred arc volcano Tonga Arc -15.1010 -173.6780 1350 2008 plume only; 2009 plume only
VFR, plume 3 active, inferred back-arc spreading center Lau Basin -22.4000 -176.6790 1980 2004 plume only
SWIR, Plume 2, Segment 16 active, inferred mid-ocean ridge SWIR -31.0670 58.9670 4200 1997 plume only

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