Vent Fields

Welcome to the InterRidge Global Database of Active Submarine Hydrothermal Vent Fields (the “InterRidge Vents Database”).
To sort the list of Vent Fields, click on a column header.
To view details for a specific Vent Field, click on the Name ID.
To view the subset of Vent Fields that contain a specific category, click on the category (for example, "active, confirmed" in the "Activity" column).

Vent Field Name ID Activity Tectonic Setting Regionsort descending Latitude Longitude Maximum or Single Reported Depth Year and How Discovered
Galapagos Rift, 94.4 W active, inferred mid-ocean ridge Galapagos Rift 2.5300 -94.3300 2400 2005 plume only
Galapagos Rift, 94.7 W active, inferred mid-ocean ridge Galapagos Rift 2.6000 -94.7750 2690 2005 plume only
E Eye of Mordor inactive mid-ocean ridge Galapagos Rift 1.9058 -91.2310 1600 2005 towed video Medea found inactive chimneys
Galapagos Rift, 95 W inactive mid-ocean ridge Galapagos Rift 2.5000 -95.1667 2600 NotProvided
Tempus Fugit active, confirmed mid-ocean ridge Galapagos Rift 0.7683 -85.9100 2560 2011 ROV Little Hercules
E Los Huellos Caldera active, inferred mid-ocean ridge Galapagos Rift 0.9500 -90.5300 1600 2005 plume only; 2005 towed video Medea did not confirm activity
Galapagos Rift, 95.5 W active, inferred mid-ocean ridge Galapagos Rift 2.6700 -95.4500 3200 1990 submersible Alvin did not confirm activity
Pegasus active, confirmed mid-ocean ridge Galapagos Rift 0.7500 -88.2000 2000 2011 ROV Little Hercules
W Eye of Mordor inactive mid-ocean ridge Galapagos Rift 1.9707 -91.3900 1600 2005 towed video Medea observed inactive chimneys
Uka Pacha active, confirmed mid-ocean ridge Galapagos Rift 0.7700 -88.3000 2100 2011 ROV Little Hercules
Galapagos Mounds active, confirmed mid-ocean ridge Galapagos Rift 1.4500 -86.1665 2700 1977 submersible Alvin
W Los Huellos Caldera active, inferred mid-ocean ridge Galapagos Rift 1.0000 -90.6000 1600 2005 plume only
Iguanas-Pinguinos active, confirmed mid-ocean ridge Galapagos Rift 2.1000 -91.9350 1640 2005 towed video Medea
Precious Stone Mountain active, confirmed mid-ocean ridge Galapagos Rift 1.2200 -101.4900 1700 2009 deep-tow video and TV grab
Calyfield active, confirmed mid-ocean ridge Galapagos Rift 0.8300 -89.6083 1660 2002 submersible Alvin
Eye of Mordor Seamount active, inferred mid-ocean ridge Galapagos Rift 1.9410 -91.3100 1555 2005 plume only
Galapagos Rift, 85 50'W inactive mid-ocean ridge Galapagos Rift 0.7500 -85.8333 2600 1988 or earlier submersible observations
Hess Deep inactive mid-ocean ridge Galapagos Rift 2.2500 -101.5000 5100 NotProvided
Galapagos Rift, 93.7 W active, inferred mid-ocean ridge Galapagos Rift 2.4970 -93.7700 2220 2005 plume only
Rose Garden active, confirmed mid-ocean ridge Galapagos Rift 0.8058 -86.2267 2550 1977 submersible Alvin; 1976 plume and photographs of clam shells did not confirm activity (note: Rose Garden is used here as the name of the vent field, but Rose Garden vent site itself not discovered until 1979)
DSDP Hole 504B inactive mid-ocean ridge Galapagos Rift 1.2267 -83.7300 3500 NotProvided
Navidad active, confirmed mid-ocean ridge Galapagos Rift 2.5300 -94.0750 2380 2005 towed video Medea
NESCA active, confirmed mid-ocean ridge Gorda Ridge 41.0000 -127.4917 3300 1988 submersible Alvin; 1986 dredge and photographs did not confirm activity
Sea Cliff active, confirmed mid-ocean ridge Gorda Ridge 42.7550 -126.7083 2800 1988 submersible Sea Cliff; 1985 plume only; 1986 dredge and camera tow did not confirm activity
Gorda Ridge, 41 30'N inactive mid-ocean ridge Gorda Ridge 41.5167 -127.4500 3350 1984 deposits only
Gorda Ridge, EP96A active, inferred mid-ocean ridge Gorda Ridge 42.6790 -126.7820 3150 1996 camera/temperature tow followed by ROV did not confirm hydrothermal activity
SESCA active, inferred mid-ocean ridge Gorda Ridge 40.7500 -127.5200 3300 1986 sediments and heat-flow measurements
Gorda Ridge, EP96B active, inferred mid-ocean ridge Gorda Ridge 42.5500 -126.8333 3400 1984 deposits only; 1996 plume only
Gorda Ridge, GR-15 active, inferred mid-ocean ridge Gorda Ridge 42.9500 -126.5500 3365 1985 plume only
Consag Basin active, inferred mid-ocean ridge Gulf of California 30.6333 -113.9083 140 2007 echosounder and grab samples

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