Notes on Vent Field Description:
(http://oceanexplorer.noaa.gov/explorations/05galapagos/welcome.html); Anderson et al. (2006): "Two recently extinct vent fields also were identified at 91º23.4'-23.7'W and 91º13.8'W. "; located within the Galapagos Marine Reserve (UNESCO Natural World Heritage Site)
Notes Relevant to Biology:
Year and How Discovered (if active, visual confirmation is listed first):
2005 towed video Medea found inactive chimneys
Discovery References (text):
(inactive) Anderson, P et al. (2006) Visual Observations and Geologic Settings of the Newly-Discovered Black Smoker Vent Sites Across the Galapagos Ridge-Hotspot Intersection. AGU Fall Meeting 2006, abstract V23A-0592
(inactive) Haymon R. M., et al. (2008), High-resolution surveys along the hot spot–affected Gálapagos Spreading Center: 3. Black smoker discoveries and the implications for geological controls on hydrothermal activity, Geochem. Geophys. Geosyst., 9, Q12006, doi:10.1029/2008GC002114.
Other References (text):
Haymon, R.M. et al. (2007) Huntign for hydrothermal vents along the Galapagos Spreading Center. Oceanography 20(4): 100-107.