Notes on Vent Field Description:
Plumeria = first active black smoker found on Galapagos Spreading Center (http://oceanexplorer.noaa.gov/explorations/05galapagos/welcome.html); Iguanas (= cluster of 6, 12-14m high chimneys); Haymon et al. (2008): "The largest hydrothermal vent field discovered and imaged with Medea during the GalAPAGoS Expedition is the Iguanas-Pinguinos Field, which is located close to the center of hot spot influence ... A total of 21 active smokers distributed in five clusters were imaged with Medea"; located within the Galapagos Marine Reserve (UNESCO Natural World Heritage Site)
Notes Relevant to Biology:
Year and How Discovered (if active, visual confirmation is listed first):
Discovery References (text):
Haymon R. M., et al. (2008), High-resolution surveys along the hot spot–affected Gálapagos Spreading Center: 3. Black smoker discoveries and the implications for geological controls on hydrothermal activity, Geochem. Geophys. Geosyst., 9, Q12006, doi:10.1029/2008GC002114
Anderson, P et al. (2006) Visual Observations and Geologic Settings of the Newly-Discovered Black Smoker Vent Sites Across the Galapagos Ridge-Hotspot Intersection. AGU Fall Meeting 2006, abstract V23A-0592
(plume only) E. Baker et al., Eos Trans. AGU, 87(52), Fall Meet. Suppl., Abstract V14A-06, 2006, Hydrothermal Plume Mapping Along the Hotspot-affected Galapagos Spreading Center Finds High-Temperature Vent Sites are Anomalously Scarce
Baker, E. T., et al. (2008), High-resolution surveys along the hot spot–affected Galápagos Spreading Center: 1. Distribution of hydrothermal activity, Geochem. Geophys. Geosyst., 9, Q09003, doi:10.1029/2008GC002028.
Other References (text):
Haymon, R.M. et al. (2007) Hunting for hydrothermal vents along the Galapagos Spreading Center. Oceanography 20(4): 100-107.