Vent Fields

Welcome to the InterRidge Global Database of Active Submarine Hydrothermal Vent Fields (the “InterRidge Vents Database”).
To sort the list of Vent Fields, click on a column header.
To view details for a specific Vent Field, click on the Name ID.
To view the subset of Vent Fields that contain a specific category, click on the category (for example, "active, confirmed" in the "Activity" column).

Vent Field Name ID Activitysort descending Tectonic Setting Region Latitude Longitude Maximum or Single Reported Depth Year and How Discovered
GEISEIR site 24, segment M3 active, inferred mid-ocean ridge SEIR -43.0369 91.0357 2400 2009 plume only
CIR, 8-17 S, Segment 6, 14.3 S active, inferred mid-ocean ridge CIR -14.3000 66.1000 3500 2010 plume only
GEISEIR site 13, segment L1 active, inferred mid-ocean ridge SEIR -41.0125 86.0608 2800 2010 plume only
Neptune's Beard active, inferred mid-ocean ridge N MAR 12.9100 -44.9000 4100 1984 plume only; 2000 TV survey did not confirm activity
FRSC, 11a-3 active, inferred back-arc spreading center Lau Basin -16.7950 -174.5230 2000 2008 plume only
Krakatau active, inferred arc volcano Banda/Sunda Arc -6.1020 105.4230 250 2002 CTD/transmissometer and dredge only
SEIR-WXC12 active, inferred mid-ocean ridge SEIR -50.2500 136.2500 2780 2015 plume only
EPR, 21 40'S active, inferred mid-ocean ridge S EPR -21.6340 -114.3010 2730 1987-1988 deposits only
EPR, 16 24'S active, inferred mid-ocean ridge S EPR -16.4000 -113.0500 2640 1993 plume only
VFR, plume 3 active, inferred back-arc spreading center Lau Basin -22.4000 -176.6790 1980 2004 plume only
Atlantis II Deep active, inferred mid-ocean ridge Red Sea 21.3417 38.0750 2200 1965 "confirmed" hot brine and cored seafloor, but see Table 1 in Miller et al. (1966) for historical measurements
Gorda Ridge, EP96B active, inferred mid-ocean ridge Gorda Ridge 42.5500 -126.8333 3400 1984 deposits only; 1996 plume only
EPR, Seamount 5 active, inferred mid-ocean ridge N EPR 13.0000 -103.5000 1100 1988 or earlier camera and/or submersible (need to check reference)
West Valley active, inferred mid-ocean ridge JdF Ridge 48.4833 -129.0417 3000 1987 and 1988 deposits only (towed camera did not confirm activity)
SWIR, 63.9 E active, inferred mid-ocean ridge SWIR -27.8510 63.9230 2759 2009 DY115-20 Leg 7 (need reference to confirm activity)
Gakkel Ridge, Site 2 active, inferred mid-ocean ridge Gakkel Ridge 83.8500 -2.0000 3900 2001 plume only
GEISEIR site 35, segment O3 active, inferred mid-ocean ridge SEIR -47.6179 97.8678 2600 2009 plume only
Carlsberg Ridge, CR2003 active, inferred mid-ocean ridge Carlsberg Ridge 6.0500 60.9500 3500 2003 plume only; 2007 plume only
Boomerang Seamount active, inferred mid-ocean ridge SEIR -37.7217 77.8250 850 1996 plume and wax core only
Stromboli active, inferred arc volcano Aeolian Arc, Tyrrhenian Sea 38.7890 15.2130 250 1969 Fe crusts only
SWIR, Plume 3, Segment 16 active, inferred mid-ocean ridge SWIR -30.8500 59.3830 3900 1997 plume only
N-ELSC, plume 25 active, inferred back-arc spreading center Lau Basin -19.8900 -176.0640 2680 2004 plume only
Sisifo active, inferred arc volcano Aeolian Arc, Tyrrhenian Sea 38.7833 13.8666 1200 2007 plume only
MAR, 31 S active, inferred mid-ocean ridge S MAR -31.7377 -13.3772 3050 2013 plume only
MAR, 23 S active, inferred mid-ocean ridge S MAR -23.7428 -13.3936 2880 2013 plume only
Red Sea Rift, 18 N active, inferred mid-ocean ridge Red Sea 17.9667 40.0667 1500 1980 submersible Pisces XI (deposits only)
GEISEIR site 25, segment M4 active, inferred mid-ocean ridge SEIR -43.3115 92.1335 2700 2009 plume only
CIR, 8-17 S, Segment 7 active, inferred mid-ocean ridge CIR -17.0000 66.8000 3100 2010 plume only
GEISEIR site 14, segment L1 active, inferred mid-ocean ridge SEIR -41.0716 86.1550 2700 2010 plume only
Seven Sisters active, inferred mid-ocean ridge Kolbeinsey Ridge 71.1500 -12.7900 2200 2012 plume only; 2013 ROV Aglantha (may have confirmed); 2013 plume only

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