Vent Fields

Welcome to the InterRidge Global Database of Active Submarine Hydrothermal Vent Fields (the “InterRidge Vents Database”).
To sort the list of Vent Fields, click on a column header.
To view details for a specific Vent Field, click on the Name ID.
To view the subset of Vent Fields that contain a specific category, click on the category (for example, "active, confirmed" in the "Activity" column).

Vent Field Name ID Activitysort descending Tectonic Setting Region Latitude Longitude Maximum or Single Reported Depth Year and How Discovered
GEISEIR site 10, segment K4 active, inferred mid-ocean ridge SEIR -42.4770 82.7100 2500 1996 plume only; 2010 plume only
SWIR, unnamed, Segment 26 active, inferred mid-ocean ridge SWIR -37.6080 50.8527 2800 2008 dredge only DY115-20 Leg 6
SWIR, D57 active, inferred mid-ocean ridge SWIR -52.2240 13.7380 3517 2000-2001 plume and dredge only
GEISEIR site 26, segment M4 active, inferred mid-ocean ridge SEIR -43.6901 92.8451 2500 2009 plume only
GEISEIR site 15, segment L1 active, inferred mid-ocean ridge SEIR -41.2230 86.3892 2500 2010 plume only
TaiJi active, inferred mid-ocean ridge S MAR -13.5900 -14.5200 3180 2011 plume only
Okinawa Trough, Site ES1 active, inferred back-arc spreading center Okinawa Trough 30.3303 129.0827 521 1992 dredge only
Gakkel Ridge, Site 3 active, inferred mid-ocean ridge Gakkel Ridge 84.4333 2.1333 4300 2001 plume only
Tevnia active, inferred mid-ocean ridge N EPR 10.3333 -103.5533 2925 1994 submersible Alvin did not confirm activity
Lobster active, inferred back-arc spreading center Lau Basin -15.3330 -176.2830 1500 2008 plume and dredge only
CIR, 8-17 S, Segment 7 active, inferred mid-ocean ridge CIR -17.0000 66.8000 3100 2010 plume only
Monowai Cone active, inferred arc volcano Tonga Arc -25.8870 -177.1880 150 1998 R/V Sonne SO-135; 2004 plume only
GEISEIR site 37, segment O4 active, inferred mid-ocean ridge SEIR -47.7483 98.1756 2800 2009 plume only
Carlsberg Ridge, 63 40'E active, inferred mid-ocean ridge Carlsberg Ridge 3.7000 63.6666 3500 2007 plume only
Consag Basin active, inferred mid-ocean ridge Gulf of California 30.6333 -113.9083 140 2007 echosounder and grab samples
West Valley active, inferred mid-ocean ridge JdF Ridge 48.4833 -129.0417 3000 1987 and 1988 deposits only (towed camera did not confirm activity)
CIR, Segment 3, Hydrothermal Plume Site active, inferred mid-ocean ridge CIR -24.0000 69.6667 2840 1987 plume only; 2005/2006 plume only
SEIR-WXC02 active, inferred mid-ocean ridge SEIR -50.2500 137.0000 2620 2015 plume only
Sonne active, inferred arc volcano Kermadec Arc -34.0580 179.5890 1127 2002 plume only
Neptune's Beard active, inferred mid-ocean ridge N MAR 12.9100 -44.9000 4100 1984 plume only; 2000 TV survey did not confirm activity
Europa active, inferred mid-ocean ridge Mid-Cayman Rise 18.3500 -81.8500 2400 2009 plume only, not observed on dive with hybrid ROV Nereus
Rumble II West active, inferred arc volcano Kermadec Arc -35.3600 178.5170 1500 1996 dredging only; 1999 plume only
Tonga Arc, Volcano D active, inferred arc volcano Tonga Arc -19.4500 -174.9167 760 2004 plume only
Dugong submarine volcano active, inferred back-arc spreading center Lau Basin -15.4500 -175.7000 1170 2008 plume only
Alarcon Rise/Tamayo intersection active, inferred mid-ocean ridge Gulf of California 23.2336 -108.6168 2358 2015 ROV Doc Ricketts did not confirm activity
MAR, 11 N active, inferred mid-ocean ridge N MAR 11.0380 -43.6483 4010 1984 plume only; 2009 plume only
C-ELSC, plume 15 active, inferred back-arc spreading center Lau Basin -21.2700 -176.3470 2230 2004 plume only
MAR, 19 S active, inferred mid-ocean ridge S MAR -19.3301 -11.9421 2707 2013 plume only
GEISEIR site 7, segment K3 active, inferred mid-ocean ridge SEIR -41.8020 81.8380 2540 1996 plume only; 2010 plume only
MTJ, PAPATUA active, inferred back-arc spreading center Lau Basin -15.3850 -174.6430 2170 1986 PAPATUA Expedition deposits only; 2008 plume only

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