Vent Fields

Welcome to the InterRidge Global Database of Active Submarine Hydrothermal Vent Fields (the “InterRidge Vents Database”).
To sort the list of Vent Fields, click on a column header.
To view details for a specific Vent Field, click on the Name ID.
To view the subset of Vent Fields that contain a specific category, click on the category (for example, "active, confirmed" in the "Activity" column).

Vent Field Name ID Activitysort ascending Tectonic Setting Region Latitude Longitude Maximum or Single Reported Depth Year and How Discovered
GEISEIR site 27, segment M5 active, inferred mid-ocean ridge SEIR -43.9805 93.4571 2700 2009 plume only
Gorda Ridge, EP96B active, inferred mid-ocean ridge Gorda Ridge 42.5500 -126.8333 3400 1984 deposits only; 1996 plume only
Rakahore volcanic center active, inferred arc volcano Kermadec Arc -26.8100 -177.4000 1200 2004 plume and dredging NZAPLUME III expedition
CIR, 8-17 S, Segment 6, 14.3 S active, inferred mid-ocean ridge CIR -14.3000 66.1000 3500 2010 plume only
Eye of Mordor Seamount active, inferred mid-ocean ridge Galapagos Rift 1.9410 -91.3100 1555 2005 plume only
FRSC, 14b, 16.31 S active, inferred back-arc spreading center Lau Basin -16.3110 -174.5550 2380 2008 plume only
CLSC, CL_7 active, inferred back-arc spreading center Lau Basin -18.1333 -176.3667 2250 2009 plume only
VFR, plume 12 active, inferred back-arc spreading center Lau Basin -21.7300 -176.4530 1910 2004 plume only
Carlsberg Ridge, 63 50'E active, inferred mid-ocean ridge Carlsberg Ridge 3.6916 63.8333 3500 2009 plume only; 2012 plume and deposits
SWIR, D20 active, inferred mid-ocean ridge SWIR -53.0200 22.1880 4170 2000-2001 plume and dredge only
GEISEIR site 38, segment O4 active, inferred mid-ocean ridge SEIR -48.0048 98.8232 2800 2009 plume only
EPR, 17 56'S active, inferred mid-ocean ridge S EPR -17.9400 -113.3170 2620 1993 plume only
SEIR-WXC12 active, inferred mid-ocean ridge SEIR -50.2500 136.2500 2780 2015 plume only
Kos, south active, inferred arc volcano Hellenic Arc, Aegean Sea 36.6667 27.2500 450 1997 plume only
San Cristobal arc, Target M active, inferred arc volcano Solomons Arc -10.4000 164.7500 2000 2002 plume and dredge only
Galapagos Rift, 93.7 W active, inferred mid-ocean ridge Galapagos Rift 2.4970 -93.7700 2220 2005 plume only
Gakkel Ridge, 7.5 E active, inferred mid-ocean ridge Gakkel Ridge 85.0167 7.4500 3600 2001 plume only
Station 58, N160 Axis active, inferred back-arc spreading center North Fiji Basin -16.3167 173.5500 3900 1985 plume only; 1991 temperature anomalies but submersible Shinkai 6500 did not confirm activity
EPR, 27.9 S, Segment W3 active, inferred mid-ocean ridge S EPR -27.8670 -112.9120 2180 1998 plume only
MAR, 14 54'N active, inferred mid-ocean ridge N MAR 14.9200 -44.9000 3500 1988 or earlier seafloor photographs did not confirm hydrothermal activity
Momoko active, inferred back-arc spreading center Lau Basin -22.6400 -176.7210 2180 1989 submersible Nautile
Logatchev-3 active, inferred mid-ocean ridge N MAR 14.7083 -44.9667 3100 1993-1999 (between these dates)
Gorda Ridge, GR-15 active, inferred mid-ocean ridge Gorda Ridge 42.9500 -126.5500 3365 1985 plume only
GEISEIR site 17, segment L3 active, inferred mid-ocean ridge SEIR -41.6498 87.3481 2500 2010 plume only
MAR, 23 S active, inferred mid-ocean ridge S MAR -23.7428 -13.3936 2880 2013 plume only
Central Andaman Trough, seamount crater, dredge 6 active, inferred back-arc spreading center Andaman Basin 10.0000 94.0000 1640 1994 deposits only
CIR, 8-17 S, Segment 4, 11.3 S active, inferred mid-ocean ridge CIR -11.3000 66.4000 3500 2010 plume only
EPR, 31.4 S, Segment E4 active, inferred mid-ocean ridge S EPR -31.4330 -111.9670 2350 1998 plume only
Discovery Deep active, inferred mid-ocean ridge Red Sea 21.2830 38.0500 2100 1965 "confirmed" hot brine and cored seafloor, but see Table 1 in Miller et al. (1966) for historical measurements
MAR, 25 S active, inferred mid-ocean ridge S MAR -25.3350 -13.6305 2570 2013 plume only

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