Vent Fields

Welcome to the InterRidge Global Database of Active Submarine Hydrothermal Vent Fields (the “InterRidge Vents Database”).
To sort the list of Vent Fields, click on a column header.
To view details for a specific Vent Field, click on the Name ID.
To view the subset of Vent Fields that contain a specific category, click on the category (for example, "active, confirmed" in the "Activity" column).

Vent Field Name ID Activitysort descending Tectonic Setting Region Latitude Longitude Maximum or Single Reported Depth Year and How Discovered
Kos, south active, inferred arc volcano Hellenic Arc, Aegean Sea 36.6667 27.2500 450 1997 plume only
GEISEIR site 22, segment L3 active, inferred mid-ocean ridge SEIR -42.1130 88.0420 2400 1996 plume only; 2009 plume only
EPR, 14 35'S active, inferred mid-ocean ridge S EPR -14.5830 -112.6670 2630 1993 plume only
MAR, south of 15 20'N fracture zone active, inferred mid-ocean ridge N MAR 15.0833 -45.0000 3000 1988 plume only; 1992 submersible Nautile did not observe active vents
Puy des Folles active, inferred mid-ocean ridge N MAR 20.5083 -45.6417 2000 1996 submersible Nautile observed only inactive vents
Gorda Ridge, GR-15 active, inferred mid-ocean ridge Gorda Ridge 42.9500 -126.5500 3365 1985 plume only
MAR, 11 N active, inferred mid-ocean ridge N MAR 11.0380 -43.6483 4010 1984 plume only; 2009 plume only
GEISEIR site 32, segment O2 active, inferred mid-ocean ridge SEIR -47.1196 96.8947 2600 2009 plume only
EPR, 17 47'S active, inferred mid-ocean ridge S EPR -17.7900 -113.3000 2600 1993 plume only
SWIR, Plume 1, Segment 17 active, inferred mid-ocean ridge SWIR -31.1830 58.5000 3600 1997 plume only
94SO2 active, inferred back-arc spreading center New Hebrides back-arc -19.4000 169.9000 980 1994 towed camera with temperature did not confirm activity
EPR/Tamayo intersection active, inferred mid-ocean ridge N EPR 22.9333 -108.0667 3200 1979 submersible Alvin did not confirm activity
Tonga Arc, Volcano D active, inferred arc volcano Tonga Arc -19.4500 -174.9167 760 2004 plume only
MAR, 23 S active, inferred mid-ocean ridge S MAR -23.7428 -13.3936 2880 2013 plume only
Secca del Capo active, inferred arc volcano Aeolian Arc, Tyrrhenian Sea 38.6333 14.8500 240 1995 ROV Comex deposits only; 2007 plume only
CIR, 8-17 S, Segment 7 active, inferred mid-ocean ridge CIR -17.0000 66.8000 3100 2010 plume only
CIR, 8-17 S, Segment 4, 11.2 S active, inferred mid-ocean ridge CIR -11.2000 66.5000 3800 2010 plume only
EPR, 20 S active, inferred mid-ocean ridge S EPR -20.0333 -113.6843 3000 1999 submersible Alvin did not confirm activity
Naung active, inferred arc volcano Sangihe Arc 3.7791 125.3750 600 2001 dredge only, 2003 CTD only
Zealandia active, inferred arc volcano Mariana Arc 16.8800 145.8500 144 2003 plume only; 2009 or earlier ROV did not confirm activity
SEIR-WXC02 active, inferred mid-ocean ridge SEIR -50.2500 137.0000 2620 2015 plume only
Myojinsho Caldera active, inferred arc volcano Izu-Bonin Arc 31.8833 139.9500 1110 1988 deposits only; 2005 plume only
Seven Sisters active, inferred mid-ocean ridge Kolbeinsey Ridge 71.1500 -12.7900 2200 2012 plume only; 2013 ROV Aglantha (may have confirmed); 2013 plume only
Kavachi submarine volcano active, inferred arc volcano Solomons Arc -8.9833 157.9667 500 2000 plume only
Galapagos Rift, 94.4 W active, inferred mid-ocean ridge Galapagos Rift 2.5300 -94.3300 2400 2005 plume only
Gakkel Ridge, 85 E active, inferred mid-ocean ridge Gakkel Ridge 85.6500 84.8333 3900 2001 plume only; 2007 towed video did not confirm activity
Lucky Strike segment, southern end active, inferred mid-ocean ridge N MAR 37.0500 -32.4200 2600 1994 plume only
GEISEIR site 21, segment L3 active, inferred mid-ocean ridge SEIR -42.0050 87.8808 2400 2010 plume only
GEISEIR site 11, segment K4 active, inferred mid-ocean ridge SEIR -42.5375 82.8266 2600 2010 plume only
SWIR, 53.2 E active, inferred mid-ocean ridge SWIR -36.1010 53.2550 2218 2008 plume and dredge only

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