Vent Fields

Welcome to the InterRidge Global Database of Active Submarine Hydrothermal Vent Fields (the “InterRidge Vents Database”).
To sort the list of Vent Fields, click on a column header.
To view details for a specific Vent Field, click on the Name ID.
To view the subset of Vent Fields that contain a specific category, click on the category (for example, "active, confirmed" in the "Activity" column).

Vent Field Name ID Activitysort descending Tectonic Setting Region Latitude Longitude Maximum or Single Reported Depth Year and How Discovered
Knipovich Ridge, 77 40'N active, inferred mid-ocean ridge Knipovich Ridge 77.6300 7.5800 3000 2000 plume only
SEIR-WXC22 active, inferred mid-ocean ridge SEIR -50.2500 132.1000 2950 2015 plume only
N Oceanographer active, inferred mid-ocean ridge N MAR 35.2830 -34.8670 2600 1992 plume only
Three Sisters, Middle Sister active, inferred back-arc spreading center Bransfield Strait -62.6420 -58.9833 1040 1995 plume only; 1999 still had no visual confirmation
GEISEIR site 38, segment O4 active, inferred mid-ocean ridge SEIR -48.0048 98.8232 2800 2009 plume only
near Jade Emperor Mountain, on-axis active, inferred mid-ocean ridge SWIR -37.8666 49.2166 3000 2010 plume only
Rakahore volcanic center active, inferred arc volcano Kermadec Arc -26.8100 -177.4000 1200 2004 plume and dredging NZAPLUME III expedition
EPR, 16 35'S active, inferred mid-ocean ridge S EPR -16.5830 -113.0600 2650 1993 plume only; 1998 submersible Alvin did not confirm activity
Extensional Relay Zone A active, inferred back-arc spreading center North Fiji Basin -16.1667 177.4167 2335 1999 towed camera did not confirm activity
Edison Seamount active, inferred arc volcano Tabar-Feni Arc -3.3100 152.5800 1450 1994 and 1998 TV grab sampling did not confirm hydrothermal activity
Nishinoshima Island active, inferred arc volcano Izu-Bonin Arc 27.2367 140.8783 5 1975 SCUBA
Station 58, N160 Axis active, inferred back-arc spreading center North Fiji Basin -16.3167 173.5500 3900 1985 plume only; 1991 temperature anomalies but submersible Shinkai 6500 did not confirm activity
VFR, plume 3 active, inferred back-arc spreading center Lau Basin -22.4000 -176.6790 1980 2004 plume only
Daiichi-Amami knoll active, inferred arc volcano Ryukyu Arc 28.4500 128.7500 350 2013 multibeam echo sounder on S/V Takuyo and AUV Gondo
MTJ, T08C05 active, inferred back-arc spreading center Lau Basin -15.5134 -174.7407 2100 2008 plume only
San Cristobal arc, Target M active, inferred arc volcano Solomons Arc -10.4000 164.7500 2000 2002 plume and dredge only
Mariana Trough, plume 2 active, inferred back-arc spreading center Mariana Trough 12.7610 143.4730 2950 2003 plume only
Mata Ono active, inferred arc volcano Lau Basin -14.9333 -173.7916 2600 2010 plume only
MAR, 30.8 S active, inferred mid-ocean ridge S MAR -30.8327 -13.4690 2950 2013 plume only
SW Syoyo active, inferred arc volcano Mariana Arc 22.3870 142.7620 1750 2003 plume only
GEISEIR site 28, segment M6 active, inferred mid-ocean ridge SEIR -44.7237 94.6039 2700 2009 plume only
Lucky B active, inferred mid-ocean ridge Lena Trough 81.3610 -3.4400 4000 1999 dredging only
GEISEIR site 17, segment L3 active, inferred mid-ocean ridge SEIR -41.6498 87.3481 2500 2010 plume only
Landing Stage active, inferred mid-ocean ridge SWIR -37.5000 51.0000 2300 2014 leg 2 or 3 of the 30th Chinese Cruise
EPR, 10 34'S active, inferred mid-ocean ridge S EPR -10.5667 -110.2800 2900 1985/86 or 1989 TV grab (need to check references to confirm activity)
CLSC, southern plumes on CL6 active, inferred back-arc spreading center Lau Basin -18.5000 -176.3833 2250 2009 plume only
MAR, 33 S active, inferred mid-ocean ridge S MAR -32.9676 -14.4517 2600 2013 plume only
Chile Rise, Segment N9A active, inferred mid-ocean ridge Chile Rise -39.0500 -91.5833 3450 1998 plume only
GEISEIR site 5, segment K1 active, inferred mid-ocean ridge SEIR -41.2420 81.1580 2860 1996 plume only; 2007 plume only
EPR, 28.4 S, Segment W4 active, inferred mid-ocean ridge S EPR -28.4170 -112.9640 2350 1998 plume only

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