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White Island

Name Alias(es): 
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Maximum or Single Reported Depth (mbsl): 
Minimum Depth (mbsl): 
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Host Rock: 
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Notes on Vent Field Description: 
Sarano et al. (1989): "Submarine hot springs also discharge around the island at 10 to 30 m depth, particularly to the east and northwest"; Stoffers et al. (1999): "Near-shore hot springs at Whale Island and White Island occur in relatively shallow water (<30 m depth)"; Dive and Discover webpage,, accessed 8 June 2015: "dives ranged in depth from 180 feet to about two feet", "water coming out of the vents was extremely hot"
Notes Relevant to Biology: 
Year and How Discovered (if active, visual confirmation is listed first): 
1989 or earlier, likely SCUBA
Discovery References (text): 
Other References (text): 
Sarano, F. et al. (1989) Preliminary observations of submarine geothermal activity in the vicinity of White Island Volcano, Taupo Volcanic Zone, New Zealand, Journal of the Royal Society of New Zealand, 19:4, 449-459, DOI:10.1080/03036758.1989.10421847.
Stoffers et al. (1999) Elemental mercury at submarine hydrothermal vents in the Bay of Plenty, Taupo volcanic zone, New Zealand. Geology 27: 931-934.