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Deception Island

Name Alias(es): 
Port Foster
MGDS_FeatureID lowest in hierarchy: 
Vent Sites: 
Fumarole Bay
Telefon Bay
Pendulum Cove
Mound Zone
Stanley Patch (= Neptune submarine volcano)
Max Temperature Category: 
Location on map: 
National Jurisdiction: 
Maximum or Single Reported Depth (mbsl): 
Minimum Depth (mbsl): 
Tectonic setting: 
Full Spreading Rate (mm/a): 
Volcano Number (if applicable): 
Host Rock: 
Deposit Type: 
Notes on Vent Field Description: 
active volcano located at the spreading centre of the Bransfield Strait backarc; Somoza et al. (2004): "Temperatures as high as 107 C are recorded in beach interstitial waters close to the fumarole emissions (Villegas and Caselli, 1995; unpublished data of J.L.S.)"
Notes Relevant to Biology: 
see Bright et al. (2003)
Year and How Discovered (if active, visual confirmation is listed first): 
1995 or earlier intertidal
Discovery References (text): 
(does not confirm subtidal activity) Rey, J. et al., 1995. Tectonic, volcanic and hydrothermal event sequence on Deception Island (Antarctica). Geo-Mar. Lett. 15: 1-8, doi:10.1007/BF01204491.
Other References (text): 
Klinkhammer et al. (1996) Hydrothermal and hydrographic surveys of the Bransfield Strait: Results from cruise NBP95-07. ANTARCTIC JOURNAL - REVIEW 1996: 92-94.
Bright et al. (2003) A temperature-tolerant interstitial worm with associated epibiotic bacteria from the shallow water fumaroles of Deception Island, Antarctica. Deep Sea Research Part II 50(10-11): 1859-1871.
Somoza et al. (2004) Evidence for hydrothermal venting and sediment volcanism discharged after recent short-lived volcanic eruptions at Deception Island, Bransfield Strait, Antarctica. Marine Geology 203: 119-140.