Vent Fields

Welcome to the InterRidge Global Database of Active Submarine Hydrothermal Vent Fields (the “InterRidge Vents Database”).
To sort the list of Vent Fields, click on a column header.
To view details for a specific Vent Field, click on the Name ID.
To view the subset of Vent Fields that contain a specific category, click on the category (for example, "active, confirmed" in the "Activity" column).

Vent Field Name ID Activity Tectonic Settingsort descending Region Latitude Longitude Maximum or Single Reported Depth Year and How Discovered
Isafjardardjup bay active, confirmed 66.0500 -22.6500 3 1986 or earlier, likely from shore or by SCUBA
NE Anatahan submarine volcano active, inferred arc volcano Mariana Arc 16.3750 145.7250 460 2003 multibeam and sidescan sonar only
Mata Fitu active, confirmed arc volcano Tonga Arc -14.9166 -173.7833 2644 2010 towed camera
Stanton Seamount active, confirmed arc volcano New Hebrides Arc -10.8670 166.7000 800 2002 towed video
Omuro Hole active, confirmed arc volcano Izu-Bonin Arc 34.5467 139.4417 200 2012 ROV Hyper-Dolphin
Yali active, confirmed arc volcano Hellenic Arc, Aegean Sea 36.6600 27.1300 3 1991 or earlier, from beach
Montserrat-Marie Galante fault active, inferred arc volcano Lesser Antilles Arc 16.4600 -61.9820 1000 1987 plume and deposits
Epi Caldera active, confirmed arc volcano New Hebrides Arc -16.6870 168.4000 320 2013 ROV Kiel6000; 1974 sediment samples only; 2001 plume and camera tow (did not confirm activity)
Nisiros active, confirmed arc volcano Hellenic Arc, Aegean Sea 36.5600 27.1400 18 1994 or earlier, likely by SCUBA
Edison Seamount active, inferred arc volcano Tabar-Feni Arc -3.3100 152.5800 1450 1994 and 1998 TV grab sampling did not confirm hydrothermal activity
Kaikata Seamount active, confirmed arc volcano Izu-Bonin Arc 26.7000 141.0833 930 1988 submersible Shinkai 2000; 1985 dredge only
Methana active, confirmed arc volcano Hellenic Arc, Aegean Sea 37.6150 23.3360 10 nearshore: since antiquity; offshore: 1997 SCUBA
Tonga Arc, Volcano 8 active, inferred arc volcano Tonga Arc -22.8433 -176.4317 240 2003 plume and dredge only
Monowai Cone active, inferred arc volcano Tonga Arc -25.8870 -177.1880 150 1998 R/V Sonne SO-135; 2004 plume only
Sonne active, inferred arc volcano Kermadec Arc -34.0580 179.5890 1127 2002 plume only
Wright volcanic center active, confirmed arc volcano Kermadec Arc -31.8500 -179.1880 1165 2005 submersible PISCES V; 2004 plume NZAPLUME III cruise
Forecast active, confirmed arc volcano Mariana Arc 13.4000 143.9166 1470 1992 submersible Shinkai 6500
Vulcano active, confirmed arc volcano Aeolian Arc, Tyrrhenian Sea 38.4000 15.0000 8 1960's shallow vents
Mata Ono active, inferred arc volcano Tonga Arc -14.9333 -173.7916 2370 2010 plume only
Douglas Strait caldera, Thule Island, South Sandwich Islands active, inferred arc volcano South Sandwich Arc -59.4167 -27.3333 625 2009 plume only; 2008 or earlier high resolution bathymetry only
Starfish Seamount active, inferred arc volcano New Hebrides Arc -12.2083 167.6462 1600 1989 plume only; 1989 towed camera survey did not confirm activity; 2002 plume and dredge only
Hinepuia volcanic center active, confirmed arc volcano Kermadec Arc -26.3900 -177.2600 300 2013 HOV Shinkai 6500; 2004 plume and dredging NZAPLUME III expedition
Brothers volcano active, confirmed arc volcano Kermadec Arc -34.8667 179.0667 1800 1998 towed camera; 1996 dredging only
Grover Seamount active, confirmed arc volcano Solomons Arc -10.4667 164.2500 600 2002 towed video
West Mata submarine volcano active, confirmed arc volcano Tonga Arc -15.0950 -173.7500 1208 2009 ROV Jason II; 2008 eruption plume detected
Kraternaya Bight, Ushishir Volcano active, confirmed arc volcano Kuril Arc 47.5167 152.8000 60 1985 SCUBA
Montserrat Offshore Springs active, confirmed arc volcano Lesser Antilles Arc 16.7100 -62.2300 10 1996 or earlier (assume SCUBA)
Palinuro active, confirmed arc volcano Aeolian Arc, Tyrrhenian Sea 39.5500 14.7000 1000 2006 ROV Cherokee; 1968 manganese crust only; 1984 deposits only; 1993 TV profile did not confirm
Kolumbo active, confirmed arc volcano Hellenic Arc, Aegean Sea 36.5250 25.4833 500 2006 ROV Hercules
Tonga Arc, Volcano A active, inferred arc volcano Tonga Arc -20.8600 -175.5500 700 2004 plume only

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