Vent Fields

Welcome to the InterRidge Global Database of Active Submarine Hydrothermal Vent Fields (the “InterRidge Vents Database”).
To sort the list of Vent Fields, click on a column header.
To view details for a specific Vent Field, click on the Name ID.
To view the subset of Vent Fields that contain a specific category, click on the category (for example, "active, confirmed" in the "Activity" column).

Vent Field Name ID Activity Tectonic Settingsort descending Region Latitude Longitude Maximum or Single Reported Depth Year and How Discovered
Kasuga 3 Seamount active, confirmed arc volcano Mariana Arc 21.3833 143.6000 1140 1987 submersible Alvin
Tonga Arc, Volcano C active, inferred arc volcano Tonga Arc -20.1800 -175.2000 1050 2004 SS11/2004 cruise did not detect hydrothermal activity
Zealandia active, inferred arc volcano Mariana Arc 16.8800 145.8500 144 2003 plume only; 2009 or earlier ROV did not confirm activity
Kurose Hole inactive arc volcano Izu-Bonin Arc 33.4000 139.6800 760 1989 inactive; 2009 inactive
Milos active, confirmed arc volcano Hellenic Arc, Aegean Sea 36.6667 24.5167 200 1987 or earlier, likely by SCUBA; 1992 Minirover ROV deeper sites
Rakahore volcanic center active, inferred arc volcano Kermadec Arc -26.8100 -177.4000 1200 2004 plume and dredging NZAPLUME III expedition
Rumble III volcano active, confirmed arc volcano Kermadec Arc -35.7333 178.4667 380 2000 towed camera; 1999 plume only
Kavachi submarine volcano active, inferred arc volcano Solomons Arc -8.9833 157.9667 500 2000 plume only
Ngatoroirangi active, inferred arc volcano Kermadec Arc -33.7310 179.8250 467 2002 plume only
Mata Fa active, inferred arc volcano Tonga Arc -14.9833 -173.8000 2315 2010 plume only
Healy volcano active, confirmed arc volcano Kermadec Arc -34.9840 178.9990 1370 2005 submersible Pisces V; 1999 plume only
Piip Submarine Volcano active, confirmed arc volcano Aleutian Arc, western 55.4167 167.2717 500 1990 Mir submersible; 1981 R/V "Vulcanolog" cruise; 1987 (or 1986) echo-sounder fluid discharge
Fukujin volcano active, inferred arc volcano Mariana Arc 21.9300 143.4700 1100 1987 deposits only
Clark volcano active, confirmed arc volcano Kermadec Arc -36.4490 177.8400 930 2005 submersible Pisces V; 1999 plume only
Sangeang Island active, confirmed arc volcano Banda/Sunda Arc -8.1300 119.0900 2 1991 or earlier, from beach
Tonga Arc, Volcano D active, inferred arc volcano Tonga Arc -19.4500 -174.9167 760 2004 plume only
Daikoku volcano active, confirmed arc volcano Mariana Arc 21.3240 144.1940 450 2004 ROV ROPOS; 2003 plume only
Kuwae submarine caldera active, inferred arc volcano New Hebrides Arc -16.8300 168.5300 484 2001 plume and inconclusive grab samples
Adventure Caldera active, confirmed arc volcano South Sandwich Arc -59.7210 -27.8571 520 2011 SHRIMP towed camera system; 2010 high resolution bathymetry only
Seamount X active, confirmed arc volcano Mariana Arc 13.2500 144.0200 1450 1994 or earlier submersible Shinkai 6500
Rumble V volcano active, confirmed arc volcano Kermadec Arc -36.1333 178.1833 755 2001 towed camera; 1999 plume and dredged mussel shells
Kawio Barat active, confirmed arc volcano Sangihe Arc 4.8133 125.0816 1890 2003 towed video, CTD/transmissometer, and dredge
Mata Ua active, confirmed arc volcano Tonga Arc -15.0166 -173.7833 2397 2012 ROV Quest 4000; 2010 plume only (towed camera did not confirm)
Banda Api active, confirmed arc volcano Banda/Sunda Arc -4.5250 129.8710 3 1993 SCUBA
Tonga Arc, Volcano J1 active, inferred arc volcano Tonga Arc -17.2400 -173.9500 560 2004 plume only
Suiyo Seamount active, confirmed arc volcano Izu-Bonin Arc 28.5750 140.6417 1380 1991 submersible Shinkai 2000
Tonga Arc, Volcano 14 active, inferred arc volcano Tonga Arc -23.5750 -176.7050 985 2003 plume and dredge only
Leyte active, inferred arc volcano Luzon/Bicol Arc 11.5000 124.7000 2002 or earlier some indications of activity
Minami-Hiyoshi submarine volcano active, confirmed arc volcano Mariana Arc 23.4970 141.9400 80 2005 ROV HyperDolphin
Luise Harbor, Lihir Island active, confirmed arc volcano Tabar-Feni Arc -3.1167 152.6500 30 1990 or earlier

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