Vent Fields

Welcome to the InterRidge Global Database of Active Submarine Hydrothermal Vent Fields (the “InterRidge Vents Database”).
To sort the list of Vent Fields, click on a column header.
To view details for a specific Vent Field, click on the Name ID.
To view the subset of Vent Fields that contain a specific category, click on the category (for example, "active, confirmed" in the "Activity" column).

Vent Field Name ID Activity Tectonic Settingsort descending Region Latitude Longitude Maximum or Single Reported Depth Year and How Discovered
South Sarigan Seamount active, inferred arc volcano Mariana Arc 16.5800 145.7800 240 2013 ROV HyperDolphin (did not confirm activity)
Macauley Caldera active, confirmed arc volcano Kermadec Arc -30.2140 -178.7210 500 2002 towed camera TAN0205 cruise
Komba-ridge active, inferred arc volcano Banda/Sunda Arc -7.9800 123.8000 1000 2001 CTD temperature anomaly and dredged sulfides
Brothers volcano active, confirmed arc volcano Kermadec Arc -34.8667 179.0667 1800 1998 towed camera; 1996 dredging only
TOTO Caldera active, confirmed arc volcano Mariana Arc 12.7167 143.5333 2960 2000 deep-tow camera (later, same year - ROV Kaiko); 1998 or earlier hydrothermal deposits dredged; 1998 plume only
Tonga Arc, Volcano 16 active, inferred arc volcano Tonga Arc -24.1883 -176.8217 1400 2003 plume and dredge only
Edison Seamount active, inferred arc volcano Tabar-Feni Arc -3.3100 152.5800 1450 1994 and 1998 TV grab sampling did not confirm hydrothermal activity
New World Seamount active, inferred arc volcano Tabar-Feni Arc -2.8333 152.5333 1200 2000 or earlier (cruise FR04/00 implies that they already suspected hydrothermal activity); 1994 seamount discovered
Santorini active, confirmed arc volcano Hellenic Arc, Aegean Sea 36.4333 25.4000 400 1960's, likely by SCUBA; 2006 deeper vents HOV Thetis and AUV SeaBED
Mata Fitu active, confirmed arc volcano Lau Basin -14.9166 -173.7833 2644 2010 towed camera
Milos active, confirmed arc volcano Hellenic Arc, Aegean Sea 36.6667 24.5167 200 1987 or earlier, likely by SCUBA; 1992 Minirover ROV deeper sites
Mata Tolu active, confirmed arc volcano Lau Basin -15.0049 -173.7936 1840 2010 towed camera; 2009 plume and dredge only
Kagamil Island active, confirmed arc volcano Aleutian Arc, western 52.9800 -169.7200 5 2007 SCUBA
Douglas Strait caldera, Thule Island, South Sandwich Islands active, inferred arc volcano South Sandwich Arc -59.4167 -27.3333 625 2009 plume only; 2008 or earlier high resolution bathymetry only
VC7 active, inferred arc volcano Hellenic Arc, Aegean Sea 36.5608 25.5250 320 2010 ROV Hercules
Kos active, confirmed arc volcano Hellenic Arc, Aegean Sea 36.8500 27.2500 10 1983 or earlier, likely by SCUBA
Kibblewhite active, inferred arc volcano Kermadec Arc -34.5750 179.2550 1106 2002 plume only
Tonga Arc, Volcano 18 active, confirmed arc volcano Tonga Arc -24.5850 -176.9170 1465 2011 ROV MAGNUM; 2003 plume and dredge only
Stromboli active, inferred arc volcano Aeolian Arc, Tyrrhenian Sea 38.7890 15.2130 250 1969 Fe crusts only
Ngatoroirangi active, inferred arc volcano Kermadec Arc -33.7310 179.8250 467 2002 plume only
Taketomi Thermal Area active, confirmed arc volcano Ryukyu Arc 24.3483 124.1017 23 1987 or earlier, likely by SCUBA
Mata Ono active, inferred arc volcano Lau Basin -14.9333 -173.7916 2370 2010 plume only
Matupi Harbour, Rabaul caldera, New Britain Island active, confirmed arc volcano Bismarck Arc -4.2700 152.2000 30 1961 or earlier intertidal
Yali active, confirmed arc volcano Hellenic Arc, Aegean Sea 36.6600 27.1300 3 1991 or earlier, from beach
Kolumbo active, confirmed arc volcano Hellenic Arc, Aegean Sea 36.5250 25.4833 500 2006 ROV Hercules
Secca del Capo active, inferred arc volcano Aeolian Arc, Tyrrhenian Sea 38.6333 14.8500 240 1995 ROV Comex deposits only; 2007 plume only
Epi Caldera active, confirmed arc volcano New Hebrides Arc -16.6870 168.4000 320 2013 ROV Kiel6000; 1974 sediment samples only; 2001 plume and camera tow (did not confirm activity)
Kagoshima Bay active, confirmed arc volcano Ryukyu Arc 31.6583 130.8000 200 1993 towed TV system (Haorimushi site); 2007 ROV Hyper-dolphin (Tagiri site)
Doyo Seamount active, confirmed arc volcano Izu-Bonin Arc 27.6833 140.8167 520 1990 submersible Shinkai 2000
Kos, south active, inferred arc volcano Hellenic Arc, Aegean Sea 36.6667 27.2500 450 1997 plume only

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