Vent Fields

Welcome to the InterRidge Global Database of Active Submarine Hydrothermal Vent Fields (the “InterRidge Vents Database”).
To sort the list of Vent Fields, click on a column header.
To view details for a specific Vent Field, click on the Name ID.
To view the subset of Vent Fields that contain a specific category, click on the category (for example, "active, confirmed" in the "Activity" column).

Vent Field Name ID Activitysort descending Tectonic Setting Region Latitude Longitude Maximum or Single Reported Depth Year and How Discovered
EPR, 13 N, SE Seamount inactive mid-ocean ridge N EPR 12.7000 -103.8600 2500 1981 towed camera, dredging, and plume did not confirm activity; 1982 and 1984 submersible Cyana did not confirm activity
Galapagos Rift, 85 50'W inactive mid-ocean ridge Galapagos Rift 0.7500 -85.8333 2600 1988 or earlier submersible observations
MAR, 22 30'N inactive mid-ocean ridge N MAR 22.5000 -45.0050 2800 NotProvided
central Manus Basin, Bismarck Sea inactive back-arc spreading center Manus Basin -3.4199 150.1681 2500 NotProvided
Mount Jourdanne inactive mid-ocean ridge SWIR -27.8500 63.9333 2940 1998 submersible Shinkai 6500
Hess Deep inactive mid-ocean ridge Galapagos Rift 2.2500 -101.5000 5100 NotProvided
MAR, 23 35'N inactive mid-ocean ridge N MAR 23.5833 -45.0000 3500 1980 submersible Alvin did not observe hydrothermal activity
Explorer Deep inactive mid-ocean ridge Explorer Ridge 50.0833 -129.7500 3200 NotProvided
Conical Seamount inactive arc volcano Tabar-Feni Arc -3.2500 152.6600 1050 1998 TV grab survey determined inactive
Ashadze 4 inactive mid-ocean ridge N MAR 12.9700 -44.8500 4530 2007 ROV VICTOR 6000 did not find hydrothermal activity
Kurose Hole inactive arc volcano Izu-Bonin Arc 33.4000 139.6800 760 1989 inactive; 2009 inactive
DSDP Hole 504B inactive mid-ocean ridge Galapagos Rift 1.2267 -83.7300 3500 NotProvided
MAR, 24 20'N inactive mid-ocean ridge N MAR 24.3500 -46.2000 3200 NotProvided
MAR, 12 48'N inactive mid-ocean ridge N MAR 12.8000 -44.7883 2400 NotProvided
Jade Emperor Mountain inactive mid-ocean ridge SWIR -37.9400 49.2600 1500 2010 video sled, plume survey, and geological sampling all suggest inactive
Green Seamount inactive mid-ocean ridge N EPR 20.8033 -109.2833 2000 1982 submersible Alvin observed only inactive
EPR, 14 N seamount inactive mid-ocean ridge N EPR 14.1500 -104.3667 2600 NotProvided
MAR, 24 30'N inactive mid-ocean ridge N MAR 24.5000 -46.1533 3900 1987 deposits only
E Eye of Mordor inactive mid-ocean ridge Galapagos Rift 1.9058 -91.2310 1600 2005 towed video Medea found inactive chimneys
MAR, 25 50'N inactive mid-ocean ridge N MAR 25.8083 -44.9833 3000 NotProvided
Vema Fracture Zone inactive mid-ocean ridge N MAR 10.8500 -41.8000 3600 NotProvided
Squid Forest inactive mid-ocean ridge Kolbeinsey Ridge 68.0000 -17.5000 900 1999 ROV Aglantha
Galapagos Rift, 95 W inactive mid-ocean ridge Galapagos Rift 2.5000 -95.1667 2600 NotProvided
Zenith-Victory inactive mid-ocean ridge N MAR 20.1292 -45.6225 2390 2008 (need citation to confirm that the field was discovered by TV-profiling and dredging)
Mata Nima inactive arc volcano Tonga Arc -14.9583 -173.7833 2670 2010 no plume detected
western Manus Basin, Bismarck Sea inactive back-arc spreading center Manus Basin -3.0000 147.0000 1800 NotProvided
Paramushir Island inactive arc volcano Kuril Arc 50.3300 155.5000 800 NotProvided
Guaymas Basin, Northern Trough inactive mid-ocean ridge Gulf of California 27.3050 -111.5067 2000 1977 submersible Seacliff (hydrothermal deposits only)
Dellwood Seamount inactive mid-ocean ridge Explorer Ridge 50.7470 -130.8961 800 1974 or earlier deposits only; 2018 ROV Hercules inactive
Romanche Fracture Zone inactive mid-ocean ridge S MAR -0.9767 -24.5133 3100 NotProvided

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