Vent Fields

Welcome to the InterRidge Global Database of Active Submarine Hydrothermal Vent Fields (the “InterRidge Vents Database”).
To sort the list of Vent Fields, click on a column header.
To view details for a specific Vent Field, click on the Name ID.
To view the subset of Vent Fields that contain a specific category, click on the category (for example, "active, confirmed" in the "Activity" column).

Vent Field Name IDsort descending Activity Tectonic Setting Region Latitude Longitude Maximum or Single Reported Depth Year and How Discovered
Sonne 99 active, confirmed back-arc spreading center North Fiji Basin -16.9500 173.9167 1980 1995 deep tow video and TV-grab
Soria Moria active, confirmed mid-ocean ridge Mohns Ridge 71.2593 -5.8146 750 2005 ROV BIODEEP-05 cruise
Source active, confirmed mid-ocean ridge JdF Ridge 46.1550 -129.8100 2055 1993 submersible Alvin
South Cleft active, confirmed mid-ocean ridge JdF Ridge 44.6667 -130.3667 2250 1981 deep-tow photographs; 1984 submersible Alvin
South Kurchatov active, inferred mid-ocean ridge N MAR 40.4670 -29.5500 2900 1992 plume only; 1995 plume only
South Sarigan Seamount active, inferred arc volcano Mariana Arc 16.5800 145.7800 240 2013 ROV HyperDolphin (did not confirm activity)
Split Seamount active, inferred mid-ocean ridge JdF Ridge 47.6400 -128.9667 2350 1990 camera tow (need reference to check if activity confirmed)
SPOT, Hatoma Knoll active, confirmed back-arc spreading center Okinawa Trough 24.8550 123.8410 1520 1999 submersible Shinkai 2000
SPOT, Yonaguni Knoll IV active, confirmed back-arc spreading center Okinawa Trough 24.8490 122.7000 1385 2000 submersibles Shinkai 2000 and Shinkai 6500
Squid Forest inactive mid-ocean ridge Kolbeinsey Ridge 68.0000 -17.5000 900 1999 ROV Aglantha
St. Petersburg active, inferred mid-ocean ridge N MAR 19.8666 -45.8666 3400 2010 dredging only
Stanton Seamount active, confirmed arc volcano New Hebrides Arc -10.8670 166.7000 800 2002 towed video
Starfish Seamount active, inferred arc volcano New Hebrides Arc -12.2083 167.6462 1600 1989 plume only; 1989 towed camera survey did not confirm activity; 2002 plume and dredge only
Station 58, N160 Axis active, inferred back-arc spreading center North Fiji Basin -16.3167 173.5500 3900 1985 plume only; 1991 temperature anomalies but submersible Shinkai 6500 did not confirm activity
Stealth active, confirmed mid-ocean ridge S EPR -17.6167 -113.2330 2600 1996 Argo II towed video; 1993 plume only; 1998 submersible Alvin
Steinaholl Vent Field active, confirmed mid-ocean ridge Reykjanes Ridge 63.1000 -24.5333 350 1990 plume, echosounding, and towed video; 1993 plume only (included echosounding for more precise location)
Stockwork active, inferred mid-ocean ridge JdF Ridge 47.9000 -129.1240 2300 2005 submersible Alvin (need publication to determine if confirmed)
Stromboli active, inferred arc volcano Aeolian Arc, Tyrrhenian Sea 38.7890 15.2130 250 1969 Fe crusts only
Su Causeway active, inferred mid-ocean ridge SWIR -38.1000 48.6000 3000 2014 leg 2 or 3 of the 30th Chinese Cruise
Suakin Deep active, inferred mid-ocean ridge Red Sea 19.6333 38.7333 2850 1972 deposits only
Suiyo Seamount active, confirmed arc volcano Izu-Bonin Arc 28.5750 140.6417 1380 1991 submersible Shinkai 2000
Sumisu Caldera active, confirmed arc volcano Izu-Bonin Arc 31.4667 140.0667 690 1998 submersible Shinkai 2000
Sumisu Rift active, inferred back-arc spreading center Izu-Bonin back-arc 31.1000 139.8917 1600 1987 submersible Alvin inactive chimneys only
SuSu Knolls active, confirmed back-arc spreading center Manus Basin -3.8000 152.1000 1520 1996 towed camera/video; 1993 plume only
SW Syoyo active, inferred arc volcano Mariana Arc 22.3870 142.7620 1750 2003 plume only
SWIR, 51.7 E active, inferred mid-ocean ridge SWIR -37.4660 51.7320 1595 2008 plume and dredge only
SWIR, 53.2 E active, inferred mid-ocean ridge SWIR -36.1010 53.2550 2218 2008 plume and dredge only
SWIR, 63.9 E active, inferred mid-ocean ridge SWIR -27.8510 63.9230 2759 2009 DY115-20 Leg 7 (need reference to confirm activity)
SWIR, D20 active, inferred mid-ocean ridge SWIR -53.0200 22.1880 4170 2000-2001 plume and dredge only
SWIR, D36 active, inferred mid-ocean ridge SWIR -52.7490 11.7110 3981 2000-2001 plume and dredge only

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