Vent Fields

Welcome to the InterRidge Global Database of Active Submarine Hydrothermal Vent Fields (the “InterRidge Vents Database”).
To sort the list of Vent Fields, click on a column header.
To view details for a specific Vent Field, click on the Name ID.
To view the subset of Vent Fields that contain a specific category, click on the category (for example, "active, confirmed" in the "Activity" column).

Vent Field Name ID Activitysort descending Tectonic Setting Region Latitude Longitude Maximum or Single Reported Depth Year and How Discovered
Hinetapeka volcanic center active, inferred arc volcano Kermadec Arc -28.5900 -177.8200 300 2004 plume and dredging NZAPLUME III expedition
EPR, 17 42'S active, inferred mid-ocean ridge S EPR -17.7000 -113.2500 2600 1993 plume only
EPR, northern 17 N segment active, inferred mid-ocean ridge N EPR 17.6700 -105.0050 2800 1997 plume only
EPR, 28 S, Segment W3 active, inferred mid-ocean ridge S EPR -28.0170 -112.9040 2130 1998 plume only
Pacific-Antarctic Ridge, 64 S segment active, inferred mid-ocean ridge Pacific-Antarctic Ridge -64.5000 -170.0000 2300 2009 plume only
Three Sisters, Middle Sister active, inferred back-arc spreading center Bransfield Strait -62.6420 -58.9833 1040 1995 plume only; 1999 still had no visual confirmation
SEIR-WXC27 active, inferred mid-ocean ridge SEIR -50.4000 134.3000 2760 2015 plume only
EPR, 11 07'N active, inferred mid-ocean ridge N EPR 11.1330 -103.7800 2580 1988 submersible Alvin dive #1989 (need reference to confirm activity); 1991 plume only
N-ELSC, plume 28 active, inferred back-arc spreading center Lau Basin -19.6500 -175.9890 2550 2004 plume only
Tonga Arc, Volcano 14 active, inferred arc volcano Tonga Arc -23.5750 -176.7050 985 2003 plume and dredge only
SW Syoyo active, inferred arc volcano Mariana Arc 22.3870 142.7620 1750 2003 plume only
Kana Keoki seamount active, inferred arc volcano Solomons Arc -8.7500 157.0300 650 1993 observations did not confirm activity
MTJ, T08C03, 15.72 S active, inferred back-arc spreading center Lau Basin -15.7186 -174.8338 2400 2008 plume only
VFR, unnamed active, inferred back-arc spreading center Lau Basin -22.5150 -176.6500 1970 2004 plume only
EPR, 2 S, off-axis active, inferred mid-ocean ridge S EPR -2.0840 -102.8270 3000 2008 plume only
ET active, inferred mid-ocean ridge JdF Ridge 48.1993 -128.9257 2500 NotProvided
MAR, 27 N active, inferred mid-ocean ridge N MAR 27.0000 -44.5000 2900 1993 plume only
Daiichi-Amami knoll active, inferred arc volcano Ryukyu Arc 28.4500 128.7500 350 2013 multibeam echo sounder on S/V Takuyo and AUV Gondo
EPR, 14 35'S active, inferred mid-ocean ridge S EPR -14.5830 -112.6670 2630 1993 plume only
Ngatoroirangi active, inferred arc volcano Kermadec Arc -33.7310 179.8250 467 2002 plume only
San Felipe active, inferred other Coastal Baja California 31.0000 -114.8000 1 1982 or earlier, likely from shore
SWIR, D82 active, inferred mid-ocean ridge SWIR -52.2080 15.5830 4100 2000-2001 plume only
Gakkel Ridge, Site 3 active, inferred mid-ocean ridge Gakkel Ridge 84.4333 2.1333 4300 2001 plume only
MAR, 28 S active, inferred mid-ocean ridge S MAR -27.7936 -13.3730 3217 2013 plume only
GEISEIR site 28, segment M6 active, inferred mid-ocean ridge SEIR -44.7237 94.6039 2700 2009 plume only
Markov Deep active, inferred mid-ocean ridge N MAR 5.9100 -33.1800 3500 2001-2002 and 2003 dredge only
GEISEIR site 17, segment L3 active, inferred mid-ocean ridge SEIR -41.6498 87.3481 2500 2010 plume only
Discovery Deep active, inferred mid-ocean ridge Red Sea 21.2830 38.0500 2100 1965 "confirmed" hot brine and cored seafloor, but see Table 1 in Miller et al. (1966) for historical measurements
Gamble volcanic center active, inferred arc volcano Kermadec Arc -27.2000 -177.4100 250 2004 plume and dredging NZAPLUME III expedition
North FAMOUS active, inferred mid-ocean ridge N MAR 36.9670 -32.9670 2500 1994 plume only

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