Vent Fields

Welcome to the InterRidge Global Database of Active Submarine Hydrothermal Vent Fields (the “InterRidge Vents Database”).
To sort the list of Vent Fields, click on a column header.
To view details for a specific Vent Field, click on the Name ID.
To view the subset of Vent Fields that contain a specific category, click on the category (for example, "active, confirmed" in the "Activity" column).

Vent Field Name ID Activitysort descending Tectonic Setting Region Latitude Longitude Maximum or Single Reported Depth Year and How Discovered
CIR, 8-17 S, Segment 2 active, inferred mid-ocean ridge CIR -9.9000 66.7500 4000 2010 plume only
Europa active, inferred mid-ocean ridge Mid-Cayman Rise 18.3500 -81.8500 2400 2009 plume only, not observed on dive with hybrid ROV Nereus
Red Sea Rift, 18 N active, inferred mid-ocean ridge Red Sea 17.9667 40.0667 1500 1980 submersible Pisces XI (deposits only)
SEIR-WXC07 active, inferred mid-ocean ridge SEIR -50.2500 138.3000 2420 2015 plume only
Dugong submarine volcano active, inferred back-arc spreading center Lau Basin -15.4500 -175.7000 1170 2008 plume only
W Los Huellos Caldera active, inferred mid-ocean ridge Galapagos Rift 1.0000 -90.6000 1600 2005 plume only
South Sarigan Seamount active, inferred arc volcano Mariana Arc 16.5800 145.7800 240 2013 ROV HyperDolphin (did not confirm activity)
N-ELSC, plume 27 active, inferred back-arc spreading center Lau Basin -19.7500 -176.0190 2570 2004 plume only; 2009 plume only
Gakkel Ridge, Site 5 active, inferred mid-ocean ridge Gakkel Ridge 86.3500 37.0000 3600 2001 plume only
Carlsberg Ridge, CR2003 active, inferred mid-ocean ridge Carlsberg Ridge 6.0500 60.9500 3500 2003 plume only; 2007 plume only
S AMAR 1 active, inferred mid-ocean ridge N MAR 36.0830 -34.0830 2630 1992 plume only; 1994 plume only
C-ELSC, plume 15 active, inferred back-arc spreading center Lau Basin -21.2700 -176.3470 2230 2004 plume only
Mariana Trough, 16.5 N active, inferred back-arc spreading center Mariana Trough 16.4010 144.8700 3829 2015 plume only
MTJ, PAPATUA active, inferred back-arc spreading center Lau Basin -15.3333 -174.6667 2100 1986 PAPATUA Expedition deposits only; 2008 plume only
SWIR, 51.7 E active, inferred mid-ocean ridge SWIR -37.4660 51.7320 1595 2008 plume and dredge only
Tonga Arc, Volcano 16 active, inferred arc volcano Tonga Arc -24.1883 -176.8217 1400 2003 plume and dredge only
EPR, 8 53'N active, inferred mid-ocean ridge N EPR 8.9000 -104.2000 2580 1991 plume only
GEISEIR site 6, segment K2 active, inferred mid-ocean ridge SEIR -41.6600 81.6617 2600 2007 plume only; 2010 plume only
EPR, 30.1 S, Segment E1 active, inferred mid-ocean ridge S EPR -30.1330 -111.7640 2480 1998 plume only
MAR, 14 54'N active, inferred mid-ocean ridge N MAR 14.9200 -44.9000 3500 1988 or earlier seafloor photographs did not confirm hydrothermal activity
MAR, 19 S active, inferred mid-ocean ridge S MAR -19.3301 -11.9421 2707 2013 plume only
Galapagos Rift, 95.5 W active, inferred mid-ocean ridge Galapagos Rift 2.6700 -95.4500 3200 1990 submersible Alvin did not confirm activity
New World Seamount active, inferred arc volcano Tabar-Feni Arc -2.8333 152.5333 1200 2000 or earlier (cruise FR04/00 implies that they already suspected hydrothermal activity); 1994 seamount discovered
Knipovich Ridge, 76 48'N active, inferred mid-ocean ridge Knipovich Ridge 76.7833 8.0000 3500 1996 temperature anomaly and towed video did not confirm activity
Central Andaman Trough, seamount crater, dredge 6 active, inferred back-arc spreading center Andaman Basin 10.0000 94.0000 1640 1994 deposits only
Tahi Moana 7 active, inferred back-arc spreading center Lau Basin -15.3300 -174.2500 1940 2004 plume only; 2008 plume only; 2009 video camera tow (activity not confirmed)
EPR, 17 47'S active, inferred mid-ocean ridge S EPR -17.7900 -113.3000 2600 1993 plume only
VFR, plume 12 active, inferred back-arc spreading center Lau Basin -21.7300 -176.4530 1910 2004 plume only
SWIR, Plume 1, Segment 17 active, inferred mid-ocean ridge SWIR -31.1830 58.5000 3600 1997 plume only
EPR, 15 24'S active, inferred mid-ocean ridge S EPR -15.4000 -112.8350 2640 1993 plume only

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