Vent Fields

Welcome to the InterRidge Global Database of Active Submarine Hydrothermal Vent Fields (the “InterRidge Vents Database”).
To sort the list of Vent Fields, click on a column header.
To view details for a specific Vent Field, click on the Name ID.
To view the subset of Vent Fields that contain a specific category, click on the category (for example, "active, confirmed" in the "Activity" column).

Vent Field Name ID Activity Tectonic Settingsort descending Region Latitude Longitude Maximum or Single Reported Depth Year and How Discovered
Fukujin volcano active, inferred arc volcano Mariana Arc 21.9300 143.4700 1100 1987 deposits only
Palinuro active, confirmed arc volcano Aeolian Arc, Tyrrhenian Sea 39.5500 14.7000 1000 2006 ROV Cherokee; 1968 manganese crust only; 1984 deposits only; 1993 TV profile did not confirm
Manuk Island active, confirmed arc volcano Banda/Sunda Arc -5.5300 130.2920 2
Minami-Hiyoshi submarine volcano active, confirmed arc volcano Mariana Arc 23.4970 141.9400 80 2005 ROV HyperDolphin
Sumisu Caldera active, confirmed arc volcano Izu-Bonin Arc 31.4667 140.0667 690 1998 submersible Shinkai 2000
Adventure Caldera active, confirmed arc volcano South Sandwich Arc -59.7210 -27.8571 520 2011 SHRIMP towed camera system; 2010 high resolution bathymetry only
Chamorro volcano active, inferred arc volcano Mariana Arc 20.8100 144.7050 875 2003 plume only
Putoto volcanic center active, inferred arc volcano Kermadec Arc -27.6800 -177.6100 700 2004 plume and dredging NZAPLUME III expedition
Kaikata Seamount active, confirmed arc volcano Izu-Bonin Arc 26.7000 141.0833 930 1988 submersible Shinkai 2000; 1985 dredge only
Nagahama Bay, Iwo-dake Volcano active, confirmed arc volcano Ryukyu Arc 30.7500 130.3330 26 1994 or earlier intertidal; 2008 or earlier SCUBA subtidal
Shinkurose Bank inactive arc volcano Izu-Bonin Arc 33.5667 140.1667 200 1992 or earlier submersible Shinkai 2000
Mata Ua active, confirmed arc volcano Tonga Arc -15.0166 -173.7833 2397 2012 ROV Quest 4000; 2010 plume only (towed camera did not confirm)
Sangeang Island active, confirmed arc volcano Banda/Sunda Arc -8.1300 119.0900 2 1991 or earlier, from beach
Tonga Arc, Volcano 19 active, confirmed arc volcano Tonga Arc -24.8000 -177.0167 970 2005 with submersibles PISCES IV and PISCES V and ROV RCV-150; 2003 plume and dredge only
Panarea active, confirmed arc volcano Aeolian Arc, Tyrrhenian Sea 38.6356 15.1057 200 1800's shallow vents; 1995 deeper vents ROV Comex
Hinepuia volcanic center active, confirmed arc volcano Kermadec Arc -26.3900 -177.2600 300 2013 HOV Shinkai 6500; 2004 plume and dredging NZAPLUME III expedition
Montserrat-Marie Galante fault active, inferred arc volcano Lesser Antilles Arc 16.4600 -61.9820 1000 1987 plume and deposits
Edison Seamount active, inferred arc volcano Tabar-Feni Arc -3.3100 152.5800 1450 1994 and 1998 TV grab sampling did not confirm hydrothermal activity
Vulcano active, confirmed arc volcano Aeolian Arc, Tyrrhenian Sea 38.4000 15.0000 8 1960's shallow vents
Kemp Caldera active, confirmed arc volcano South Sandwich Arc -59.7000 -28.3166 1420 2010 ROV Isis; 2009 plume only
Champagne Hot Springs active, confirmed arc volcano Lesser Antilles Arc 15.2500 -61.3830 5 2001 or earlier (assume SCUBA)
Myojin Knoll active, confirmed arc volcano Izu-Bonin Arc 32.1033 139.8683 1360 1996 submersible Shinkai 2000
Mata Taha active, inferred arc volcano Tonga Arc -15.0416 -173.7833 2160 2010 plume only
Kraternaya Bight, Ushishir Volcano active, confirmed arc volcano Kuril Arc 47.5167 152.8000 60 1985 SCUBA
Ruby active, confirmed arc volcano Mariana Arc 15.6200 145.5700 214 2006 ROV Jason II; 2003 plume only
Ahyi active, inferred arc volcano Mariana Arc 20.4200 145.0300 60 2003 plume only
Northwest Eifuku active, confirmed arc volcano Mariana Arc 21.4850 144.0430 1604 2004 ROV ROPOS; 2003 plume only
Stanton Seamount active, confirmed arc volcano New Hebrides Arc -10.8670 166.7000 800 2002 towed video
Nikko volcano active, confirmed arc volcano Mariana Arc 23.0833 142.3333 600 1992 submersible Shinkai 6500; 1979 first observed discolored water above the seamount
Douglas Strait caldera, Thule Island, South Sandwich Islands active, inferred arc volcano South Sandwich Arc -59.4167 -27.3333 625 2009 plume only; 2008 or earlier high resolution bathymetry only

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