Vent Fields

Welcome to the InterRidge Global Database of Active Submarine Hydrothermal Vent Fields (the “InterRidge Vents Database”).
To sort the list of Vent Fields, click on a column header.
To view details for a specific Vent Field, click on the Name ID.
To view the subset of Vent Fields that contain a specific category, click on the category (for example, "active, confirmed" in the "Activity" column).

Vent Field Name IDsort ascending Activity Tectonic Setting Region Latitude Longitude Maximum or Single Reported Depth Year and How Discovered
Middle Valley, ODP Mound active, confirmed mid-ocean ridge JdF Ridge 48.4300 -128.6816 2440 1992 or earlier towed video
Middle Valley, Dead Dog Vent Field active, confirmed mid-ocean ridge JdF Ridge 48.4567 -128.7083 2450 1992 or earlier towed video
Middle Valley, Bent Hill Massive Sulfide inactive mid-ocean ridge JdF Ridge 48.4500 -128.6783 2400 1985 deposits only
Methana active, confirmed arc volcano Hellenic Arc, Aegean Sea 37.6150 23.3360 10 nearshore: since antiquity; offshore: 1997 SCUBA
MESO Zone inactive mid-ocean ridge CIR -23.3927 69.2422 2850 1993 TV grab and water column measurements
Merian active, inferred mid-ocean ridge S MAR -26.0166 -13.8500 2624 2012 R/V Dayang Yihao; 2013 AUV Abyss (may have confirmed activity)
Menez Hom active, confirmed mid-ocean ridge N MAR 37.1500 -32.4333 1802 2002 ROV Victor 6000
Menez Gwen active, confirmed mid-ocean ridge N MAR 37.8417 -31.5250 865 1994 submersible Nautile
Medusa active, confirmed mid-ocean ridge N EPR 9.1404 -104.2065 2580 2007 ROV Jason II; 1991 plume only
Maug Caldera active, confirmed arc volcano Mariana Arc 20.0200 145.2200 145 2003 SCUBA shallow vents; 2004 ROV ROPOS deeper vents; 2003 plume only deeper vents
Matupi Harbour, Rabaul caldera, New Britain Island active, confirmed arc volcano Bismarck Arc -4.2700 152.2000 30 1961 or earlier intertidal
Mata Ua active, confirmed arc volcano Tonga Arc -15.0166 -173.7833 2397 2012 ROV Quest 4000; 2010 plume only (towed camera did not confirm)
Mata Tolu active, confirmed arc volcano Tonga Arc -15.0049 -173.7936 1840 2010 towed camera; 2009 plume and dredge only
Mata Taha active, inferred arc volcano Tonga Arc -15.0416 -173.7833 2160 2010 plume only
Mata Ono active, inferred arc volcano Tonga Arc -14.9333 -173.7916 2370 2010 plume only
Mata Nima inactive arc volcano Tonga Arc -14.9583 -173.7833 2670 2010 no plume detected
Mata Fitu active, confirmed arc volcano Tonga Arc -14.9166 -173.7833 2644 2010 towed camera
Mata Fa active, inferred arc volcano Tonga Arc -14.9833 -173.8000 2315 2010 plume only
Marsili active, confirmed back-arc spreading center Tyrrhenian Back-Arc Basin, Tyrrhenian Sea 39.2600 14.3780 800 2006 ROV Cherokee; 1989 shimmering water but did not confirm activity
Markov Deep active, inferred mid-ocean ridge N MAR 5.9100 -33.1800 3500 2001-2002 and 2003 dredge only
Mariner active, confirmed back-arc spreading center Lau Basin -22.1800 -176.6017 1910 2003 plume and camera tow; 2004 submersible Shinkai 6500
Mariana Trough, unnamed active, confirmed back-arc spreading center Mariana Trough 18.0467 144.7533 3676 1987 submersible Alvin
Mariana Trough, plume 2 active, inferred back-arc spreading center Mariana Trough 12.7610 143.4730 2950 2003 plume only
Mariana Mounds active, confirmed back-arc spreading center Mariana Trough 18.0333 144.2833 3600 1987 submersible Alvin
MAR, south of 15 20'N fracture zone active, inferred mid-ocean ridge N MAR 15.0833 -45.0000 3000 1988 plume only; 1992 submersible Nautile did not observe active vents
MAR, segment south of St. Paul system active, inferred mid-ocean ridge N MAR 0.5000 -25.0000 3500 2013 plume only
MAR, 8 10'S active, inferred mid-ocean ridge S MAR -8.1670 -13.4670 2000 2001 plume only
MAR, 7 57'S active, inferred mid-ocean ridge S MAR -7.9500 -13.4420 2600 2001 plume only
MAR, 43 N active, inferred mid-ocean ridge N MAR 43.0000 -29.0000 3400 1986 or earlier plume only
MAR, 4 48'S active, confirmed mid-ocean ridge S MAR -4.8058 -12.3742 3050 2005 AUV ABE (cruise CD169 ) followed by ROV Quest (cruise M64/1)

Pages