Vent Fields

Welcome to the InterRidge Global Database of Active Submarine Hydrothermal Vent Fields (the “InterRidge Vents Database”).
To sort the list of Vent Fields, click on a column header.
To view details for a specific Vent Field, click on the Name ID.
To view the subset of Vent Fields that contain a specific category, click on the category (for example, "active, confirmed" in the "Activity" column).

Vent Field Name ID Activity Tectonic Settingsort descending Region Latitude Longitude Maximum or Single Reported Depth Year and How Discovered
SWIR, D20 active, inferred mid-ocean ridge SWIR -53.0200 22.1880 4170 2000-2001 plume and dredge only
EPR, 28.4 S, Segment W4 active, inferred mid-ocean ridge S EPR -28.4170 -112.9640 2350 1998 plume only
GEISEIR site 21, segment L3 active, inferred mid-ocean ridge SEIR -42.0050 87.8808 2400 2010 plume only
Baby Bare Seamount active, confirmed mid-ocean ridge JdF Ridge 47.7100 -127.7870 2600 1995 submersible Alvin
MAR, 8 10'S active, inferred mid-ocean ridge S MAR -8.1670 -13.4670 2000 2001 plume only
Galapagos Rift, 85 50'W inactive mid-ocean ridge Galapagos Rift 0.7500 -85.8333 2600 1988 or earlier submersible observations
Walsh active, inferred mid-ocean ridge Mid-Cayman Rise 17.8333 -81.8333 4000 2009 plume only; 2013 plume only
SEIR-WXC17 active, inferred mid-ocean ridge SEIR -50.3000 133.8000 2780 2015 plume only
EPR, 16 43'S active, inferred mid-ocean ridge S EPR -16.7170 -113.0680 2600 1985/86 or 1989 TV grab (need to check references to confirm activity)
SESCA active, inferred mid-ocean ridge Gorda Ridge 40.7500 -127.5200 3300 1986 sediments and heat-flow measurements
EPR, 9 50'N active, confirmed mid-ocean ridge N EPR 9.8300 -104.2900 2520 1989 Argo I towed video
Tiancheng active, confirmed mid-ocean ridge SWIR -27.9670 63.5500 3600 2014 HOV Jiaolong; 1997 plume only; 2009 DY115-20 Leg 7 plume and deposits;
EPR, 5 S active, inferred mid-ocean ridge S EPR -5.0000 -106.4000 2650 1980's camera tows; 1993 and 1998 plume only; 1998 submersible Alvin did not confirm activity
GEISEIR site 33, segment O2 active, inferred mid-ocean ridge SEIR -47.2383 97.1566 2700 2009 plume only
Medusa active, confirmed mid-ocean ridge N EPR 9.1404 -104.2065 2580 2007 ROV Jason II; 1991 plume only
Gorda Ridge, EP96B active, inferred mid-ocean ridge Gorda Ridge 42.5500 -126.8333 3400 1984 deposits only; 1996 plume only
EPR, 11 17'N active, confirmed mid-ocean ridge N EPR 11.2833 -103.7583 2560 1984 Angus camera (or 1985 Argo video) tow with temperature
MAR, 22 30'N inactive mid-ocean ridge N MAR 22.5000 -45.0050 2800 NotProvided
near Jade Emperor Mountain, on-axis active, inferred mid-ocean ridge SWIR -37.8666 49.2166 3000 2010 plume only
EPR, 18 26'S active, confirmed mid-ocean ridge S EPR -18.4333 -113.3833 2650 1993 submersible Nautile; 1983 seafloor photos, temperature anomalies, and deposits did not confirm activity; 1984 submersible Cyana observed only inactive sites; 1985/86 or 1989 TV grab (need to check references to confirm activity)
Alarcon Rise/Pescadero intersection active, inferred mid-ocean ridge Gulf of California 23.6423 -108.3948 2384 2015 ROV Doc Ricketts did not confirm activity
Main Endeavour Field active, confirmed mid-ocean ridge JdF Ridge 47.9487 -129.0981 2220 1984 submersible Alvin; 1982 dredge only
Eye of Mordor Seamount active, inferred mid-ocean ridge Galapagos Rift 1.9410 -91.3100 1555 2005 plume only
CIR, 8-17 S, Segment 4, 11.3 S active, inferred mid-ocean ridge CIR -11.3000 66.4000 3500 2010 plume only
CIR, 19 29'S active, inferred mid-ocean ridge CIR -19.4830 65.7330 2700 1988 plume only; 2000 submersible Nautile did not confirm activity
CIR, 8-17 S, Segment 5, 12.25 S active, inferred mid-ocean ridge CIR -12.2500 65.7000 4000 2010 plume only
Reykjanes Ridge, Area B active, inferred mid-ocean ridge Reykjanes Ridge 59.8167 -29.6833 1000 1992 submersible Mir did not find vents
Hess Deep inactive mid-ocean ridge Galapagos Rift 2.2500 -101.5000 5100 NotProvided
CIR, 8-17 S, Segment 6, 14.75 S active, inferred mid-ocean ridge CIR -14.7500 66.5000 3400 2010 plume only
MAR, 31 S active, inferred mid-ocean ridge S MAR -31.7377 -13.3772 3050 2013 plume only

Pages