Vent Fields

Welcome to the InterRidge Global Database of Active Submarine Hydrothermal Vent Fields (the “InterRidge Vents Database”).
To sort the list of Vent Fields, click on a column header.
To view details for a specific Vent Field, click on the Name ID.
To view the subset of Vent Fields that contain a specific category, click on the category (for example, "active, confirmed" in the "Activity" column).

Vent Field Name ID Activity Tectonic Settingsort descending Region Latitude Longitude Maximum or Single Reported Depth Year and How Discovered
Kasuga 2 Seamount active, confirmed arc volcano Mariana Arc 21.6000 143.6167 500 1987 submersible Alvin
Kurose Hole inactive arc volcano Izu-Bonin Arc 33.4000 139.6800 760 1989 inactive; 2009 inactive
Tangaroa volcano active, confirmed arc volcano Kermadec Arc -36.3250 178.0333 890 2012 likely towed video or TV grab; 1999 plume only
East Diamante volcano active, confirmed arc volcano Mariana Arc 15.9300 145.6700 457 2004 ROV ROPOS; 2003 plume only
West Rota volcano active, confirmed arc volcano Mariana Arc 14.3250 144.8330 1150 2005 ROV Hyper-Dolphin; 2003 plume only; 2004 ROV ROPOS did not observe venting
Stromboli active, inferred arc volcano Aeolian Arc, Tyrrhenian Sea 38.7890 15.2130 250 1969 Fe crusts only
Yali active, confirmed arc volcano Hellenic Arc, Aegean Sea 36.6600 27.1300 3 1991 or earlier, from beach
New World Seamount active, inferred arc volcano Tabar-Feni Arc -2.8333 152.5333 1200 2000 or earlier (cruise FR04/00 implies that they already suspected hydrothermal activity); 1994 seamount discovered
Zealandia active, inferred arc volcano Mariana Arc 16.8800 145.8500 144 2003 plume only; 2009 or earlier ROV did not confirm activity
Bataan active, inferred arc volcano Luzon/Bicol Arc 20.0000 122.0000 2002 or earlier some indications of activity
Kuwae submarine caldera active, inferred arc volcano New Hebrides Arc -16.8300 168.5300 484 2001 plume and inconclusive grab samples
Mata Nima inactive arc volcano Tonga Arc -14.9583 -173.7833 2670 2010 no plume detected
Palinuro active, confirmed arc volcano Aeolian Arc, Tyrrhenian Sea 39.5500 14.7000 1000 2006 ROV Cherokee; 1968 manganese crust only; 1984 deposits only; 1993 TV profile did not confirm
Kasuga 3 Seamount active, confirmed arc volcano Mariana Arc 21.3833 143.6000 1140 1987 submersible Alvin
Luise Harbor, Lihir Island active, confirmed arc volcano Tabar-Feni Arc -3.1167 152.6500 30 1990 or earlier
Ruby active, confirmed arc volcano Mariana Arc 15.6200 145.5700 214 2006 ROV Jason II; 2003 plume only
East Mata submarine volcano active, inferred arc volcano Tonga Arc -15.0833 -173.6667 1300 2008 plume only; 2009 plume only
Ngatoroirangi active, inferred arc volcano Kermadec Arc -33.7310 179.8250 467 2002 plume only
Suiyo Seamount active, confirmed arc volcano Izu-Bonin Arc 28.5750 140.6417 1380 1991 submersible Shinkai 2000
Leyte active, inferred arc volcano Luzon/Bicol Arc 11.5000 124.7000 2002 or earlier some indications of activity
Mata Fa active, inferred arc volcano Tonga Arc -14.9833 -173.8000 2315 2010 plume only
Panarea active, confirmed arc volcano Aeolian Arc, Tyrrhenian Sea 38.6356 15.1057 200 1800's shallow vents; 1995 deeper vents ROV Comex
Kavachi submarine volcano active, inferred arc volcano Solomons Arc -8.9833 157.9667 500 2000 plume only
Macauley Caldera active, confirmed arc volcano Kermadec Arc -30.2140 -178.7210 500 2002 towed camera TAN0205 cruise
Tonga Arc, Volcano A active, inferred arc volcano Tonga Arc -20.8600 -175.5500 700 2004 plume only
Rumble II West active, inferred arc volcano Kermadec Arc -35.3600 178.5170 1500 1996 dredging only; 1999 plume only
Niua North active, confirmed arc volcano Tonga Arc -15.0667 -173.5667 800 2012 ROV Quest 4000; 2008 plume only
Seamount X active, confirmed arc volcano Mariana Arc 13.2500 144.0200 1450 1994 or earlier submersible Shinkai 6500
Milos active, confirmed arc volcano Hellenic Arc, Aegean Sea 36.6667 24.5167 200 1987 or earlier, likely by SCUBA; 1992 Minirover ROV deeper sites
Lembeh Strait active, confirmed arc volcano Sangihe Arc 1.8000 125.2000 3 NotProvided

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