Notes on Vent Field Description:
position approximate; Varnavas and Cronan (1991): "submarine hydrothermal systems in the Dodecanese Islands not previously reported in the scientific literature", "submarine hydrothermal vents occur in water depths of less than 5 m", "pH varied between 7.1 and 8.1", temperatures up to 11 C above ambient; http://www.geowarn.ethz.ch/index.asp?ID=16&cat=124, accessed 27 May 2015, "Systematic periodic measurements of thermal waters from Nisyros, Kos and Yali"
Notes Relevant to Biology:
Year and How Discovered (if active, visual confirmation is listed first):
1991 or earlier, from beach
Discovery References (text):
Varnavas, S.P. and Cronan, D.S., 1991. Hydrothermal metallogenic processes off the islands of Nisiros and Kos in the Hellenic Volcanic Arc. Marine Geology 99, 109-133.