Notes on Vent Field Description:
venting at summit in 1998, but may have ceased hydrothermal activity as of 2002; located in New Zealand's Kermadec Benthic Protection Area, http://www.fish.govt.nz/en-nz/Environmental/Seabed+Protection+and+Research/Benthic+Protection+Areas.htm, accessed 13 May 2015
Year and How Discovered (if active, visual confirmation is listed first):
1979 and 1998 (need to check references); 2002 plume not detected NZAPLUME II
Discovery References (text):
[Gavrilenko, G. M. (1984), Hydrochemical methods for the discovery and study of submarine volcanic activity (in Russian), Volcanol. Seismol., 5, 40–48].
Other References (text):
[Stoffers, P., et al. (1999), Havre Trough–Taupo Volcanic Zone: Tectonic, magmatic and hydrothermal processes, in Cruise Report R/V Sonne 135 Cruise, Ber. Rep. Ser. 1, edited by P. Stoffers and I. C. Wright, 77 pp., plus appendices, Inst. für Geowiss., Univ. Kiel, Kiel, Germany]
de Ronde et al. (2003) SHALLOW SUBMARINE HYDROTHERMAL SYSTEMS ASSOCIATED WITH ARC VOLCANOES. Geological Society of America Abstracts with Programs, Vol. 35, No. 6, September 2003, p. 220
C. de Ronde et al. 2007, Submarine hydrothermal activity along the mid-Kermadec Arc, New Zealand: Large-scale effects on venting. G3, 8(Q07007), doi: 10.1029/2006GC001495.