Notes on Vent Field Description:
hydrothermal plumes virtually continuous between 17 20' and 18 40'S; Fig. 7c in Wright et al (2002); not explored by Nautile in 1993 or Shinkai 6500 in 1994; Haymon and White (2004) separate the 17 26'S, 17 34'S, 17 37'S, and 17 44' active fields on 3rd order ridge segments
Notes Relevant to Biology:
Alvin dive 3296 log includes: "Anemones, Bacterial mats, Non-vent fish, Other worms, Sea cucumbers, Sea stars, Sponges, Tube worms, Vent fish, Snails/Limpets"
Year and How Discovered (if active, visual confirmation is listed first):
1996 Argo II towed video; 1993 plume only; 1998 submersible Alvin
Discovery References (text):
Haymon, R. M., et al., Distribution of fine-scale hydrothermal, volcanic, and tectonic features along the EPR crest, 17°15´–18°30´S: Results of near-bottom acoustic and optical surveys (abstract), Eos Trans. AGU, 78(46), Fall Meet. Suppl., F705, 1997
O'Neill, J. H., Hydrothermal vents at 17° 25´S and 17° 37´S on the superfast-spreading EPR (abstract), Eos Trans. AGU, 79(45), Fall Meet. Suppl., F817, 1998.
Other References (text):
Wright et al, J. Geophys. Res. 107, 10.1029/2001JB000544, 2002, Crustal fissuring on the crest of the southern East Pacific Rise at 17 15'–40'S
Haymon and White (2004) Fine-scale segmentation of volcanic/hydrothermal systems along fast-spreading ridge crests. Earth and Planetary Science Letters 226: 367-382.