Notes on Vent Field Description:
offshore area north of Salina; Gamberi et al. (1997): "In the western high, large areas of the seafloor are extensively covered by mounds of Fe-rich, semiconsolidated crusts ... The presence of these deposits on the seafloor implies that the Secca de1 Capo region has been affected by hydrothermalism in the recent past."; Lupton et al. (2011): "found a small 3He excess at about 200 m depth"
Notes Relevant to Biology:
Year and How Discovered (if active, visual confirmation is listed first):
1995 ROV Comex deposits only; 2007 plume only
Discovery References (text):
(deposits only) Gamberi, F. et al. (1997) Tectonic, volcanic and hydrothermal features of a submarine portion of the Aeolian arc (Tyrrhenian Sea). Marine Geology 140: 167-181.
(plume only) Lupton, J. et al. (2011) Active hydrothermal discharge on the submarine Aeolian Arc. JOURNAL OF GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH, VOL. 116, B02102, 22 PP., doi:10.1029/2010JB007738.