Notes on Vent Field Description:
plume not detected by German et al. (1994); May 1989 earthquake swarm on the Reykjanes Ridge at 59 44'N, 29 32'W (location later refined to 59 57'N, 29 45'W); Crane et al. (1997): "A high backscatter possible ‘lava flow’ was discovered at 59 49'N, 29 41'W.", "the region of high-backscatter remains unsampled because it lay underneath the nadir of the processed SeaMARC tracks used to plan the submersible survey."
Notes Relevant to Biology:
Year and How Discovered (if active, visual confirmation is listed first):
1992 submersible Mir did not find vents
Discovery References (text):
(did not observe vents) Crane et al. (1997) Volcanic and Seismic Swarm Events on the Reykjanes Ridge and Their Similarities to Events on Iceland: Results of a Rapid Response Mission. Marine Geophysical Researches 19: 319–338.
Other References (text):
German, C.R. et al., Hydrothermal activity on the Reykjanes Ridge: the Steinaholl vent field at 63°06′N. Earth Planet. Sci. Lett. 121 (1994), pp. 647–654.