Notes on Vent Field Description:
Tao et al. (2010): "Evidence of sulfide video and hydrothermal anomalies indicated the existence of the 14°S hydrothermal field.", "The 14°S hydrothermal field is located on the [slope] of the volcano, which lies on the inside corner between the ridge axial and transform fault"; InterRidge e-news 2011: "Rainbow Bay North field was found at 14.36°W, 14.03°S at a depth of 1900m, which may extend to 480m×780m. Massive sulfides were collected by a ROV."
Year and How Discovered (if active, visual confirmation is listed first):
2009 towed video did not confirm activity
Discovery References (text):
Tao, C., et al. (2010) Two hydrothermal active vents were found at 13.2°S and 14°S of South Mid-Atlantic Ridge. AGU Fall Meeting abstract #OS33F-07.
Tao, C.H., Li, H.M., Yang Y.M., et al. (2011) Two hydrothermal fields found on the Southern Mid-Atlantic Ridge. Science China Earth Sciences, 54 (9): 1302-1303, DOI: 10.1007/s11430-011-4260-8.