Station 4, Triple Junction
Notes on Vent Field Description:
on Central Spreading Ridge; named after largest cemetary in Paris; note: Koschinsky et al. (2002) include with SO 99 field
Notes Relevant to Biology:
Year and How Discovered (if active, visual confirmation is listed first):
1989 submersible Nautile did not find activity; 1991 submersible Shinkai 6500 did not find activity
Discovery References (text):
J-M Auzende et al. (1991) In situ geological and geochemical study of an active hydrothermal site on the North Fiji Basin ridge. Marine Geol. 98: 259-269
Gracia et al. (1994) Multi-scale morphologic variability of the North Fiji Basin ridge-(Southwest Pacific). Mar. Geol. 116: 133-151.
Other References (text):
SOPAC Newsletter 1995 (http://www.sopac.org/data/virlib/SN/SN0044.pdf)
Halbach et al., InterRidge News 8(1), 38-44, 1999, Diffuse hydrothermal fluid activity, biological communities, and mineral formation in the North Fiji Basin (SW Pacific): Preliminary results of the R/V Sonne cruise SO-134
Koschinsky, A. et al. (2002) Geochemistry of diffuse low-temperature hydrothermal fluids in the North Fiji basin. Geochim Cosmochim Acta 66: 1409-1427
T. Kuhn et al. (2003) Enrichment of Mo in hydrothermal Mn precipitates: possible Mo sources, formation process and phase associations. Chem Geo 199(1-2): 29-43.