Notes on Vent Field Description:
Winckler et al. (2010, in review): "We use the distribution of helium isotopes along an oceanic transect at 67°S to identify previously unobserved hydrothermal activity in the Pacific sector of the Southern Ocean.", "We identify three complete ridge segments, a portion of a fourth segment and two isolated locations on the Pacific Antarctic Ridge between 145°W and 175°W (representing ~540 km of ridge in total) as the potential source of the newly observed plume."
Notes Relevant to Biology:
Year and How Discovered (if active, visual confirmation is listed first):
Discovery References (text):
(plume only) Winckler, G. et al. (2009) Helium isotopes reveal hydrothermal activity in the Southern Ocean: Filling the blank spot on the global map of hydrothermal venting. Goldschmidt Conference abstract
Winckler, G., et al. (2010, in review) Mantle helium reveals Southern Ocean hydrothermal venting.