Notes on Vent Field Description:
also reported as Izu-Bonin Arc; shallow summit; periodic water discoloration above the seamount since mid-1970's
Notes Relevant to Biology:
Year and How Discovered (if active, visual confirmation is listed first):
Discovery References (text):
Watanabe, H., pers. comm., 2009: "R/V Natsushima/ HyperDolphin cruise NT05-16  by Dr. T. Shimano"
Other References (text):
Fujikura, K., Okutani, T., and Maruyama, T., eds. (2008) Deep-sea life: Biological observations using research submersibles. Tokai Univ. Press.