Paradise Beach (= Paradise Bubble Beach)
Notes on Vent Field Description:
Prof Carlo Nike BIANCHI: "The few marine studies that the Italians did while occupying the Dodecanese (1912-1945) did not concern the hydrothermal vents: the Italians were aware of their existence and exploited the vents on the shore as thermal baths. We did not find mention in the scientific literature of the subtidal vents, although fishermen told us of their existence. But we dived and discovered a couple of them. The first record of them, we believe, remains the few lines in Italian that we wrote in our 1983 paper (you may find a record of those old Italian papers in the reference list of our paper)"; Emails from Paul Dando: "earliest ref. to the shallow vents at Paradise Beach and Bros Thermi (SCUBA observations) is in C.N. Bianchi and C. Morri (1983)".
Notes Relevant to Biology:
Year and How Discovered (if active, visual confirmation is listed first):
1983 or earlier, likely by SCUBA
Discovery References (text):
C.N. Bianchi and C. Morri, 1983. Note sul benthos marino costiero dell'isola di Kos (Egeo Sud-Orientale), Natura, Milano 74, 96-114.
Varnavas, S.P. and Cronan, D.S., 1991. Hydrothermal metallogenic processes off the islands of Nisiros and Kos in the Hellenic Volcanic Arc. Marine Geology 99, pp. 109–133.
Other References (text):
Bardintzeff et al. (1989) Recent explosive volcanic episodes on the Island of Kos (Greece): associated hydrothermal parageneses and geothermal area of Volcania. Terra Nova 1: 75-78, DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-3121.1989.tb00329.x
Dando et al. (2000) Hydrothermal studies in the aegean sea. Physics and Chemistry of the Earth, Part B: Hydrology, Oceans and Atmosphere 25: 1-8, doi:10.1016/S1464-1909(99)00112-4 .