Notes on Vent Field Description:
depth approximate (GEBCO); Connelly, D.P. et al. (2002): "particularly high CH4/He-3 ratios were observed at the northern 'plume' station, perhaps indicating the occurrence of serpentinisation reactions in this area"
Notes Relevant to Biology:
Year and How Discovered (if active, visual confirmation is listed first):
Discovery References (text):
(plume only) Connelly, D.P. et al. (2002) Hydrothermal Plume Signals Along the Knipovich Ridge. American Geophysical Union, Fall Meeting 2002, abstract #T11A-1229.