HDV (= High Diffuse Venting)
Notes on Vent Field Description:
CoAxial Segment; eruption and event plumes in 1993; http://www.pmel.noaa.gov/vents/coax/coax.html; Butterfield et al. (1995): "No high-temperature fluids were found in the Flow or Floc areas"
Notes Relevant to Biology:
Year and How Discovered (if active, visual confirmation is listed first):
1993 DEEPTOW and submersible Alvin
Discovery References (text):
Embley et al., Geophys. Res. Letts., 22, 143-146, 1995, Initial results of the rapid response to the 1993 CoAxial event: Relationships between hydrothermal and volcanic processes.
Other References (text):
Butterfield et al., Phil. Trans. R. Soc. Lond. A 355, 369-386, 1997, Seafloor eruptions and evolution of hydrothermal fluid chemistry
Herzig et al. (1997) Hydrothermal activity and rift-induced tracers at Axial (Juan de Fuca ridge): Results of cruise SO-109 of R/V Sonne-ROPOS. InterRidge News 6(1): 35-38.