Notes on Vent Field Description:
Baker et al. (1994): "Hydrothermal plume distributions define three categories: intense and continuous (8°48'-8°58'N, …", "Lonsdale and Spiess (1980) conducted a cursory deep-tow survey between 8 37' and 8 50'N in 1977 but found no evidence of hydrothermal venting in 900 sets of bottom photographs. By contrast, the plume studies clearly reveal several strong vent sites between 8 42' and 9 N,"
Notes Relevant to Biology:
Year and How Discovered (if active, visual confirmation is listed first):
Discovery References (text):
(plume only) Baker et al., Earth Planet. Sci. Lett. 128, 1-17, 1994, Hydrothermal plumes along the East Pacific Rise, 8°40′ to 11°50′N: Plume distribution and relationship to the apparent magmatic budget, doi:10.1016/0012-821X(94)90022-1.
Other References (text):
[P. Lonsdale and F.N. Spiess, Deep-tow observations at the East Pacific Rise, 8°45'N, and some interpretations, Init. Rept. Deep Sea Drill. Proj. 54, 43-62, 1980
Krasnov et al., 1995, Geological setting of high-temperature hydrothermal activity and massive sulphide formation on fast- and slow-spreading ridges. Geological Society, London, Special Publications 87: 17-32, DOI: 10.1144/GSL.SP.1995.087.01.03.]