Notes on Vent Field Description:
Lupton et al. (1999): "Dive targets at ... 16.6 S, ... were new sites which were visited by ALVIN for the first time in 1998/99. The selection of these new sites was based on camera tows conducted in the 1980's (Holler) and also by water column plume surveys conducted in 1993... Although single exploratory dives at ... 16.5 S, ... failed to detect any hydrothermal venting..."; Alvin dive 3324 log observed inactive vent deposits and sampled crabs
Notes Relevant to Biology:
Year and How Discovered (if active, visual confirmation is listed first):
1993 plume only; 1998 submersible Alvin did not confirm activity
Discovery References (text):
[(TV grab) Holler (1993) Erscheinungsformen hydrothermaler Aktivität am Ostpazifischen Rücken zwischen 6° und 30° Süd. University of Göltingen. Verlag Shaker, 226 pp. (German dissertation)]
(plume only) Urabe et al., Science 269, 1092-1095, 1995, The effect of magmatic activity on hydrothermal venting along the superfast-spreading East Pacific Rise
(plume only) Baker, E., and T. Urabe (1996) Extensive distribution of hydrothermal plumes along the superfast spreading East Pacific Rise, 13°30′-18°40′S, J. Geophys. Res., 101(B4), 8685-8695.
Other References (text):
Lupton, J., et al., Gas chemistry of hydrothermal fluids along the East Pacific Rise, 5°S to 32°S, Eos Trans. AGU, 80(46) Fall Meet. Suppl., F1099, 1999.