Notes on Vent Field Description:
depth appears to be too shallow - from Hekinian Alvin dive #1996; Hekinian, R. et al. (1983): "…found indications of hydrothermal activity from hydrocasts and sea-floor photographs"
Notes Relevant to Biology:
Year and How Discovered (if active, visual confirmation is listed first):
1981 towed camera and plume did not confirm activity; 1988 submersible Alvin dive #1996 (need reference to confirm activity)
Discovery References (text):
(did not confirm activity) Hekinian, R. et al. (1983) East Pacific Rise near 13 N: geology of new hydrothermal fields. Science 219: 1321-1324
NEED CITATION for 1988 Alvin dive.
Other References (text):
Baker et al., Earth Planet. Sci. Lett. 128, 1-17, 1994, Hydrothermal plumes along the East Pacific Rise, 8°40′ to 11°50′N: Plume distribution and relationship to the apparent magmatic budget, doi:10.1016/0012-821X(94)90022-1.