Notes on Vent Field Description:
ARGO-RISE (1988): "Three active hydrothermal vents were observed in this Unit I terrane", "The observed vents appear to be of the low temperature, Galapagos type, with hot water emanating between lobes of lava. However, the zone of venting at 10 44.6' N covered an area of about 15000 m2, the largest single area of hydrothermal activity found during this investigation."; also observed low temperature, diffuse vents and biology on Alvin Dive 3937 in 2003
Notes Relevant to Biology:
clams, mussels, serpulids
Year and How Discovered (if active, visual confirmation is listed first):
1985 Argo video tow with temperature
Discovery References (text):
ARGO-RISE Group, Can. Mineral. 26, 467-486, 1988, Geological mapping of the East Pacific Rise axis (10 degrees 19' - 11 degrees 53'N) using the ARGO and ANGUS imaging systems.
Other References (text):
McClain, J.S. R.A. Zierenberg, J.R. Voight, K.L.Von Damm, K.L. Rubin, 2004, A Recent Volcanic Eruption on a "Magma Starved" Segment of the East Pacific Rise ISS, 10 44'N, EOS, Trans. AGU, 85(47), Fall Meet. Suppl. Abstract B13A-0177.
McClain, J. (2010) Observations of the northern, “magma-starved”, segment of the East Pacific Rise ISS. White paper for 2010 Ridge 2000 Community Meeting, Portland, OR, USA.